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Maryam AZODI, Eisa EBRAHIMI, Omidvar FARHADIAN, Nasrollah MAHBOOBI-SOOFIANI, Vahid MORSHEDI. Compensatory growth response of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum following short starvation periods[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2015, 33(4): 928-933

Compensatory growth response of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum following short starvation periods

1 Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology, Iran;
2 Member of Young Researchers Club of Ilam Azad University, Iran
This sixty-day study was performed to determine the effects of short-term starvation and refeeding cycles on growth, feeding performances and body composition of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Three hundred trout fingerlings with an average initial weight of 17.5±0.06 g were randomly distributed in 15 circular fiberglass tanks. The fish were exposed to 5 different feeding regimes; control: continuously fed twice daily to apparent satiation; T1 : starved for 1 day and re-fed for 2 days; T2 : starved for 1 day and re-fed for 4 days; T3 : starved for 3 days and re-fed for 12 days; T4 : starved for 4 days and re-fed for 16 days. At the end of the experiment, growth performance, feed utilization, whole body ash and moisture contents were not significantly (P >0.05) different among the treatments. However, whole body protein content in T3 was significantly higher than other treatments (P <0.05). A significant difference in whole body fat content was observed between T3 and the control group at the end of the experiment (P <0.05). In conclusion this experiment suggests that feeding schedules involving starvation (1-4 days) and re-feeding cycles are a promising feed management tool for rainbow trout culture.
Key words:    Oncorhynchus mykiss|compensatory growth|growth performance|body composition   
Received: 2014-08-30   Revised: 2015-01-03
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Articles by Maryam AZODI
Articles by Eisa EBRAHIMI
Articles by Omidvar FARHADIAN
Articles by Nasrollah MAHBOOBI-SOOFIANI
Articles by Vahid MORSHEDI
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