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Shyama Sundari Devi CHANTHRAN, Phaik Eem LIM, Sze-Wan POONG, Jianguo DU, Kar-Hoe LOH. Relationships between sagittal otolith size and body size of Terapon jarbua (Teleostei, Terapontidae) in Malaysian waters[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2021, 39(1): 372-381

Relationships between sagittal otolith size and body size of Terapon jarbua (Teleostei, Terapontidae) in Malaysian waters

Shyama Sundari Devi CHANTHRAN1,2, Phaik Eem LIM1, Sze-Wan POONG1, Jianguo DU3,4,5, Kar-Hoe LOH1
1 Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia;
2 Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia;
3 Third Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Xiamen 361005, China;
4 Fujian Provincial Station for Field Observation and Research of Island and Coastal Zone in Zhangzhou, Xiamen 361005, China;
5 Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Conservation and Restoration, Xiamen 361005, China
Length-weight relationship provides basic information of a fish's condition while the morphometric data of otolith has been traditionally used to determine the range of fish sizes for various purposes. The length-weight relationship of Terapon jarbua (Forskål, 1775) was examined from 165 specimens, while 132 specimens were used in sagittal otolith biometry measurements. Fish specimens were obtained from various locations in Malaysia including Pahang, Selangor, Sarawak, and Sabah. The total length of fish ranged 12.5-32.5 cm, while the total weight ranged 26.28-444.30 g. The otolith length ranged 0.423-1.070 cm, and the otolith weight was 0.010 3-0.157 2 g. The specimens displayed a mixture of positive and negative allometry growth as indicated by fluctuating b values between 2.74 and 3.15. The overall coefficient of determination (R2) between fish length and weight was 0.972 9, which implies a strong correlation. All regressions between the fish length and otolith dimensions were highly significant (P<0.001). The otolith dimensions found to be most closely related to the fish total length was the otolith weight. This was supported by the regression model showing a high R2 value of 86.57%. The aspect ratio of otolith was 1.80±0.14 (mean±SD). Results confirm that the otolith growth reflects the somatic growth of T. jarbua. The length-weight relationship explained the growth conditions of the fishes in each location while the overall b value of 2.91 indicates that the condition of T. jarbua grown in Malaysian waters during the study period was generally in good condition. This study contributed to the database on the morphometric data of otolith of T. jarbua as well as the first report on fish length-weight relationship for T. jarbua in Malaysia.
Key words:    aspect ratio|otolith|length-weight relationship|grunter   
Received: 2019-08-02   Revised: 2019-09-19
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Articles by Shyama Sundari Devi CHANTHRAN
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