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GAO Yang, WANG Ziwei, HUR Jun-wook, LEE Jeong-Yeol. Body composition and compensatory growth in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus under different feeding intervals[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2015, 33(4): 945-956

Body composition and compensatory growth in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus under different feeding intervals

GAO Yang1, WANG Ziwei2, HUR Jun-wook3, LEE Jeong-Yeol2
1 Fishery School, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhejiang 316022, China;
2 Department of Aquaculture and Aquatic Science, Kunsan National University, Gunsan 573-701, Korea;
3 Bio-Monitoring Center, Daejeon 300-805, Korea
We investigated the growth and body composition of Nile tilapia under five different feeding regimes. A control group was fed to satiation twice daily for 185 days; four treatment groups were fed at intervals of 2, 3, 4 or 7 days (dietary ‘restricted' period, days 0-80) and then fed to satiation (‘refeeding’ period, days 80-185). Compensatory growth in weight and length of the feed-restricted groups was observed during the refeeding period. However, the growth of none of the restricted groups caught up with that of the control group over the experimental period. Feed intake upon refeeding increased with the duration of deprivation. There were no significant differences in feed efficiency between the restricted and control groups during the refeeding stage, suggesting that hyperphagia was the mechanism responsible for the increased growth rates during this period. Tilapia preferentially used n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and nonessential amino acids during the restricted-feeding period. Higher production was achieved by higher feed consumption. We suggest that if attainment of market size in minimum time is required, fish should be consistently fed to satiation, while taking care to avoid the possible negative consequences of overfeeding.
Key words:    restricted feeding|hyperphagia|feed efficiency|fatty acid|amino acid|tilapia   
Received: 2014-10-13   Revised: 2015-01-22
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