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ZHU Lin, TANG Xuexi, WANG Ying, SUI Yadong, XIAO Hui. Use of antioxidant enzymes of clam Ruditapes philippinarum as biomarker to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon pollution[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2016, 34(2): 416-421

Use of antioxidant enzymes of clam Ruditapes philippinarum as biomarker to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon pollution

ZHU Lin1,2, TANG Xuexi1, WANG Ying1, SUI Yadong1, XIAO Hui1
1 Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China;
2 Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
The typical organic pollutant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon(PAH) anthracene was selected as a contaminant to investigate its effects on the activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase(CAT) and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) in the clam Ruditapes philippinarum. The results show that SOD, CAT and GSH-Px had different induction and inhibition reactions to anthracene stress, and that three different organs in R. philippinarum(visceral mass, muscle tissue and mantle) had different sensitivities to anthracene stress. This study suggest that SOD activities of the visceral mass, CAT activitities of the mantle and the visceral mass, and GSH-Px activity of the muscle tissue could be used as sensitive indicators of anthracene stress in R. philippinarum.
Key words:    polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs)|anthracene|antioxidant enzyme|Ruditapes philippinarum   
Received: 2014-11-20   Revised: 2015-03-27
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