Cite this paper:
LIU Zenghong, CHEN Xingrong, SUN Chaohui, WU Xiaofen, LU Shaolei. A comparison of Argo nominal surface and near-surface temperature for validation of AMSR-E SST[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2017, 35(3): 712-721

A comparison of Argo nominal surface and near-surface temperature for validation of AMSR-E SST

LIU Zenghong1,2, CHEN Xingrong3, SUN Chaohui2, WU Xiaofen2, LU Shaolei2
1State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China;
2 Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China;
3 National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing 100081, China
Satellite SST (sea surface temperature) from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for the Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) is compared with in situ temperature observations from Argo profiling floats over the global oceans to evaluate the advantages of Argo NST (near-surface temperature: water temperature less than 1 m from the surface). By comparing Argo nominal surface temperature (~5 m) with its NST, a diurnal cycle caused by daytime warming and nighttime cooling was found, along with a maximum warming of 0.08±0.36℃ during 14:00–15:00 local time. Further comparisons between Argo 5-m temperature/Argo NST and AMSR-E SST retrievals related to wind speed, columnar water vapor, and columnar cloud water indicate warming biases at low wind speed (<5 m/s) and columnar water vapor >28 mm during daytime. The warming tendency is more remarkable for AMSR-E SST/Argo 5-m temperature compared with AMSR-E SST/Argo NST, owing to the effect of diurnal warming. This effect of diurnal warming events should be excluded before validation for microwave SST retrievals. Both AMSR-E nighttime SST/Argo 5-m temperature and nighttime SST/Argo NST show generally good agreement, independent of wind speed and columnar water vapor. From our analysis, Argo NST data demonstrated their advantages for validation of satellite-retrieved SST.
Key words:    Argo|near-surface temperature (NST)|Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for the Earth Observing System (AMSR-E)|sea surface temperature (SST)   
Received: 2015-11-18   Revised: 2016-02-16
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