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ZHANG Shuai, LI Tiegang, CHANG Fengming, YU Zhoufei, XIONG Zhifang, WANG Haixia. Correspondence between the ENSO-like state and glacialinterglacial condition during the past 360 kyr[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2017, 35(5): 1018-1031

Correspondence between the ENSO-like state and glacialinterglacial condition during the past 360 kyr

ZHANG Shuai1,3, LI Tiegang2,4, CHANG Fengming1,4, YU Zhoufei1,2, XIONG Zhifang1,4, WANG Haixia5
1 Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Key Laboratory of Marine Sedimentology and Environmental Geology, First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic;Administration(SOA), Qingdao 266061, China;
3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
4 Laboratory for Marine Geology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China;
5 Ningbo City Land Resources Bureau Yinzhou Branch, Ningbo 315100, China
In the warming world, tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) variation has received considerable attention because of its enormous influence on global climate change, particularly the El Niño-Southern Oscillation process. Here, we provide new high-resolution proxy records of the magnesium/calcium ratio and the oxygen isotope in foraminifera from a core on the Ontong-Java Plateau to reconstruct the SST and hydrological variation in the center of the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP) over the last 360 000 years. In comparison with other Mg/Ca-derived SST and δ18O records, the results suggested that in a relatively stable condition, e.g., the last glacial maximum (LGM) and other glacial periods, the tropical Pacific would adopt a La Niña-like state, and the Walker and Hadley cycles would be synchronously enhanced. Conversely, El Niño-like conditions could have occurred in the tropical Pacific during fastchanging periods, e.g., the termination and rapidly cooling stages of interglacial periods. In the light of the sensitivity of the Eastern Pacific Cold Tongue (EPCT) and the inertia of the WPWP, we hypothesize an inter-restricted relationship between the WPWP and EPCT, which could control the zonal gradient variation of SST and affect climate change.
Key words:    Hurst rule|self-affinity|fractal formula|wave height of specific return period   
Received: 2016-03-16   Revised: 2016-05-18
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