Cite this paper:
LI Ang, YU Fei, SI Guangcheng, WEI Chuanjie. Long-term temperature variation of the Southern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass from 1976 to 2006[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2017, 35(5): 1032-1044

Long-term temperature variation of the Southern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass from 1976 to 2006

LI Ang1,2,3, YU Fei1, SI Guangcheng1, WEI Chuanjie1
1 Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 Key Laboratory of Research on Marine Hazards Forecasting, National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, State Oceanic Administration, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
This paper discusses the long-term temperature variation of the Southern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass (SYSCWM) and examines those factors that influence the SYSCWM, based on hydrographic datasets of the China National Standard Section and the Korea Oceanographic Data Center. Surface air temperature, meridional wind speed, and sea surface temperature data are used to describe the seasonal changes. Mean temperature of the two centers of the SYSCWM had different long-term trends. The temperature of the center in the west of the SYSCWM was rising whereas that of the center in the east was falling. Mean temperature of the western center was related to warm water intrusion of the Yellow Sea Warm Current, the winter meridional wind, and the winter air temperature. Summer process played a primary role in the cooling trend of temperature in the eastern center. A decreasing trend of salinity in the eastern half of the SYSCWM showed that warm water intrusion from the south might weaken, as could the SYSCWM circulation. Weakened circulation provided less horizontal heat input to the eastern half of the SYSCWM. Less lateral heat input may have led to the decreasing trend in temperature of the eastern center of the SYSCWM. Further, warmer sea surface temperatures and less heat input in the deep layers intensified the thermocline of the eastern SYSCWM. A stronger thermocline had less heat flux input from upper layers to this half of the SYSCWM. Stronger thermocline and weakened heat input can be seen as two main causes of the cooling temperature trend of the eastern center of the SYSCWM.
Key words:    low frequency|sound source|shallow sea|seismic wave|staggered grid   
Received: 2016-02-02   Revised: 2016-04-22
Tools
PDF (975 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Authors
Articles by LI Ang
Articles by YU Fei
Articles by SI Guangcheng
Articles by WEI Chuanjie
References:
Bai H, Hu D X, Chen Y L, Wang Q Y. 2004. Statistic characteristics of thermal structure in the southern Yellow Sea in summer. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 22(3):237-243, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02842554.
Beardsley R C, Limeburner R, Kim K, Candela J. 1992.Lagrangian flow observations in the East China, Yellow and Japan seas. La Mer, 30(3):297-314.
Chen H X, Yuan Y L, Hua F. 2006. Multi-core structure of the main part of the Kuroshio at G-PN section in the East China Sea. Chinese Science Bulletin, 51(6):738-746, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11434-006-0738-8.
Cho K D. 1982. On the influence of the Yellow Sea bottom cold water on the demersal fishing grounds. Bulletin of the Korean Fisheries Technology Society, 18(1):25-33.
Dee D P, Uppala S M, Simmons A J, Berrisford P, Poli P, Kobayashi S, Andrae U, Balmaseda M A, Balsamo G, Bauer P, Bechtold P, Beljaars A C M, Van De Berg L, Bidlot J, Bormann N, Delsol C, Dragani R, Fuentes M, Geer A J, Haimberger L, Healy S B, Hersbach H, Hólm E V, Isaksen L, Kållberg P, Köhler M, Matricardi M, McNally A P, Monge-Sanz B M, Morcrette J J, Park B K, Peubey C, De Rosnay P, Tavolato C, Thépaut J N, Vitart F. 2011. The ERA-Interim reanalysis:configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137(656):553-597.
Du B, Zhang Y J, Shan Y C, Wang H. 1996. The characteristics of Cold Water Mass variation at the bottom of the north Yellow Sea and its hydrological effects on the mortality of shellfish cultured in the waters of outer Chang-Shan Island. Marine Science Bulleten, 15(4):17-28. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Guan B X. 1963. A preliminary study of the temperature variations and the characteristics of the circulation of the Cold Water Mass of the Yellow Sea. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 5(4):255-284. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Guo B L. 1981. The temperature and salinity structures and the circulation in the Yellow Sea. In:Proceedings of JapanChina ocean Study Symposium on Physical Oceanography and Marine Engineering in the East China Sea. Shimizu.p.174-197.
He C B, Wang Y X, Lei Z Y, Xu S. 1959. A preliminary study of the formation of Yellow Sea cold mass and its properties. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 2(1):11-15. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Hu D X, Wang Q Y. 2004. Interannual variability of the southern Yellow Sea cold water mass. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 22(3):231-236, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02842553.
Hur H B, Jacobs G A, Teague W J. 1999. Monthly variations of water masses in the Yellow and East China Seas, November 6, 1998. Journal of Oceanography, 55(2):171-184, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007885828278.
Jiang B J, Bao X W, Wu D X, Xu J P. 2007. Interannual variation of temperature and salinity of northern Huanghai Sea Cold Water Mass and its probable cause. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 29(4):1-10, http://dx.doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:0253-4193.2007.04.001. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Kelly K A, Thompson L, Cheng W, Metzger E J. 2007. Evaluation of HYCOM in the Kuroshio Extension region using new metrics. Journal of Geophysical Research:Oceans, 112(C1):C01004, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006JC003614.
Lee S H, Beardsley R C. 1999. Influence of stratification on residual tidal currents in the Yellow Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research:Oceans (1978-2012), 104(C7):15 679-15 701, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JC900108.
Li A, Yu F, Diao X Y, Si G C. 2015. Interannual variability of temperature of the northern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 37(1):30-42, http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2015.01.004. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Lin C L, Ning X R, Su J L, Lin Y A, Xu B. 2005. Environmental changes and the responses of the ecosystems of the Yellow Sea during 1976-2000. Journal of Marine Systems, 55(3-4):223-234, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2004.08.001.
Moon J H, Hirose N, Yoon J H. 2009. Comparison of wind and tidal contributions to seasonal circulation of the Yellow Sea.JournalofGeophysicalResearch:Oceans(1978-2012), 114(C8), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009JC005314.
Pang C G, Liang J X, Hu D X, Wang F, Chen Y L, Bai H, Bai X Z. 2004. Surface circulation patterns observed by drifters in the Yellow Sea in summer of 2001, 2002 and 2003. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 22(3):209-216, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02842550.
Park K A, Lee E Y, Chang E, Hong S. 2015. Spatial and temporal variability of sea surface temperature and warming trends in the Yellow Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 143:24-38.
Park S, Chu P C, Lee J H. 2011. Interannual-to-interdecadal variability of the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass in 1967-2008:characteristics and seasonal forcings. Journal of Marine Systems, 87(3-4):177-193, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.03.012.
Ren H J, Zhan J M. 2005. A numerical study on the seasonal variability of the Yellow Sea cold water mass and the related dynamics. Journal of Hydrodynamics, 20(S):887-896, http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-4874.2005.z1.012. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Su Y S, Weng X C. 1994. Water masses in China seas. In:Zhou D, liang Y B, Zeng C K C K T eds. Oceanology of China Seas. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands. p.3-16.
Tang Y X, Zou E M, Lie H J, Lie J H. 2000. Some features of circulation in the southern Huanghai Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 22(1):1-16. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Tang Y. 2005. Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass. In:Su J ed.Hydrography of China Offshore. Ocean Press, China.p.202-206. (in Chinese)
Uda M. 1934. Hydrographical research on the normal monthly conditions in the Japan Sea, the Yellow Sea, and the Okhotsk Sea. J. Imp. Fish. Exp. Stn., 5:191-236.
Wang R, Zuo T, Wang K. 2003. The Yellow Sea cold bottom water-an oversummering site for Calanus sinicus(Copepoda, Crustacea). Journal of Plankton Research, 25(2):169-183, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/25.2.169.
Wei H, Shi J, Lu Y Y, Peng Y. 2010. Interannual and long-term hydrographic changes in the Yellow Sea during 1977-1998. Deep Sea Research Part Ⅱ:Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57(11-12):1 025-1 034, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.02.004.
Wei H, Yuan C Y, Lu Y Y, Zhang Z H, Luo X F. 2013. Forcing mechanisms of heat content variations in the Yellow Sea.Journal of Geophysical Research:Oceans, 118(9):4 504-4 513, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20326.
Weng X C, Zhang Y K, Wang C M, Zhang Q L. 1988. The Variational characteristics of the Huanghai Sea (Yellow Sea) Cold Water Mass. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 19(4):368-379. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Xia C S, Qiao F L, Yang Y Z, Ma J, Yuan Y L. 2006. Threedimensional structure of the summertime circulation in the Yellow Sea from a wave-tide-circulation coupled model.Journal of Geophysical Research:Oceans (1978-2012), 111(C11), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2005JC003218.
Yanagi T, Takahashi S. 1993. Seasonal variation of circulations in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. Journal of Oceanography, 49(5):503-520.
Yang H W, Cho Y K, Seo G H, You S H, Seo J W. 2014.Interannual variation of the southern limit in the Yellow Sea Bottom Cold Water and its causes. Journal of Marine Systems, 139:119-127, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.05.007.
Yu F, Zhang Z X, Diao X Y, Gou J S, Tang Y X. 2006. Analysis of evolution of the Huanghai Sea Cold Water Mass and its relationship with adjacent water masses. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 28(5):26-34, http://dx.doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:0253-4193.2006.05.003. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhang G T, Sun S, Yang B. 2007. Summer reproduction of the planktonic copepod Calanus sinicus in the Yellow Sea:influences of high surface temperature and cold bottom water. Journal of Plankton Research, 29(2):179-186, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbm005.
Zhang Y K, Yang Y L. 1996. Analyses of the variational characteristics of the north Huanghai Sea Cold Water Mass. Marine Forecasts, 13(4):15-21. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhao B R. 1986. The fronts of the Huanghai cold water mass(HCWM) induced by tidal mixing. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 4(2):159-170, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02850432.