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YAN Taiming, HU Jiaxiang, CAI Yueping, XIONG Sen, YANG Shiyong, WANG Xiongyan, HE Zhi. Otolith development in larval and juvenile Schizothorax davidi:ontogeny and growth increment characteristics[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2017, 35(5): 1197-1204

Otolith development in larval and juvenile Schizothorax davidi:ontogeny and growth increment characteristics

YAN Taiming, HU Jiaxiang, CAI Yueping, XIONG Sen, YANG Shiyong, WANG Xiongyan, HE Zhi
College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
Laboratory-reared Schizothorax davidi larvae and juveniles were examined to assess the formation and characteristics of David's schizothoracin otoliths. Otolith development was observed and their formation period was verified by monitoring larvae and juveniles of known age. The results revealed that lapilli and sagittae developed before hatching, and the first otolith increment was identified at 2 days post hatching in both. The shape of lapilli was relatively stable during development compared with that of sagittae; however, growth of four sagittae and lapilli areas was consistent, but the posterior area grew faster than the anterior area and the ventral surface grew faster than the dorsal surface. Similarly, the sum length of the radius of the anterior and posterior areas on sagittae and lapilli were linearly and binomially related to total fish length, respectively. Moreover, daily deposition rates were validated by monitoring knownage larvae and juveniles. The increase in lapilli width was 1.88±0.080 0 μm at the ninth increment, which reached a maximum and the decreased gradually toward the otolith edge, whereas that of sagittae increased more slowly. These results illustrate the developmental biology of S. davidi, which will aid in population conservation and fish stock management.
Key words:    ecology|Cryptosula|Watersipora|spatial competition|Yellow Sea|Qingdao   
Received: 2016-05-17   Revised: 2016-06-22
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