Cite this paper:
ZHAO Jiale, GAO Xiaojiang, YANG Jin. Influences of hydrological regime on heavy metal and salt ion concentrations in intertidal sediment from Chongming Dongtan, Changjiang River estuary, China[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2017, 35(6): 1329-1341

Influences of hydrological regime on heavy metal and salt ion concentrations in intertidal sediment from Chongming Dongtan, Changjiang River estuary, China

ZHAO Jiale, GAO Xiaojiang, YANG Jin
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Abstract:
The tidal flat along the Changjiang (Yangtze) River estuary has long been reclaimed for the agricultural purposes, with the prevailing hydrological conditions during such pedogenic transformations being of great importance to their successful development. In this study, samples of surface sediment from Chongming Dongtan, situated at the mouth of the Changjiang River estuary, were collected and analyzed in order to understand how hydrological management can influence the concentrations of heavy metals and salt ions in pore water, and chemical fractionation of heavy metals during the reclamation process. We performed a series of experiments that simulated three different hydrological regimes:permanent flooding (R1), alternative five-day periods of wetting and drying (R2), continuous field capacity (R3). Our results exhibited good Pearson correlations coefficients between heavy metals and salt ions in the pore water for both R1 and R2. In particular, the concentrations of salt ions in the pore water decreased in all three regimes, but showed the biggest decline in R2. With this R2 experiment, the periodic concentration patterns in the pore water varied for Fe and Mn, but not for Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn. Neither the fractionation of Ni nor the residual fractions of any metals changed significantly in any regime. In R1, the reducible fractions of heavy metals (Cr, Cu, Zn and Pb) in the sediment decreased, while the acid extractable fractions increased. In R2, the acid extractable and the reducible fractions of Cr, Cu, Zn and Pb both decreased, as did the oxidizable fraction of Cu. These data suggest that an alternating hydrological regime can reduce both salinity and the availability of heavy metals in sediments.
Key words:    hydrological regime|pore water|reclamation|redox potential|fractionation   
Received: 2016-07-18   Revised: 2016-09-26
Tools
PDF (381 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Authors
Articles by ZHAO Jiale
Articles by GAO Xiaojiang
Articles by YANG Jin
References:
Balint R, Orbeci C, Nechifor G, Plesca M, Ajmone-Marsan F. 2013. Effect of redox conditions on the Crystallinity of Fe oxides in soil. Revista de Chimie, 64(11):1 218-1 223.
Chartier M, Mercier G, Blais J F. 2001. Partitioning of trace metals before and after biological removal of metals from sediments. Water Research, 35(6):1 435-1 444, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1354(00)00404-8.
Cui J, Liu C, Li Z L, Wang L, Chen X F, Ye Z Z, Fang C M. 2012. Long-term changes in topsoil chemical properties under centuries of cultivation after reclamation of coastal wetlands in the Yangtze Estuary, China. Soil and Tillage Research, 123:50-60, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2012.03.009.
Du Laing G, De Vos R, Vandecasteele B, Lesage E, Tack F M G, Verloo M G. 2008. Effect of salinity on heavy metal mobility and availability in intertidal sediments of the Scheldt estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 77(4):589-602, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.10.017.
Du Laing G, Rinklebe J, Vandecasteele B, Meers E, Tack F M G. 2009. Trace metal behaviour in estuarine and riverine floodplain soils and sediments:a review. Science of the Total Environment, 407(13):3 972-3 985, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.07.025.
Du Laing G, Vanthuyne D R J, Vandecasteele B, Tack F M G, Verloo M G. 2007. Influence of hydrological regime on pore water metal concentrations in a contaminated sediment-derived soil. Environmental Pollution, 147(3):615-625, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2006.10.004.
Ellis S, Atherton J K. 2003. Properties and development of soils on reclaimed alluvial sediments of the Humber estuary, eastern England. Catena, 52(2):129-147, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0341-8162(02)00179-0.
Gambrell R P. 1994. Trace and toxic metals in wetlands-a review. Journal of Environmental Quality, 23(5):883-891.
Gorenc S, Kostaschuk R, Chen Z. 2004. Spatial variations in heavy metals on tidal flats in the Yangtze Estuary, China.Environmental Geology, 45(8):1 101-1 108, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00254-004-0968-5.
Guo T Z, DeLaune R D, Patrick Jr W H. 1997. The influence of sediment redox chemistry on chemically active forms of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and zinc in estuarine sediment. Environment International, 23(3):305-316.
Healy M, Hickey K R. 2002. Historic land reclamation in the intertidal wetlands of the Shannon estuary, western Ireland. Journal of Coastal Research, (S36):365-373.
Jiang J, Wang G, Fang L. 2001. Complexation between soil water-soluble organic matter and heavy metal. Soil and Environmental Sciences, 10(1):67-71. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Kashem M A, Singh B R. 2001. Metal availability in contaminated soils:I. Effects of flooding and organic matter on changes in Eh, pH and solubility of Cd, Ni andZn. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 61(3):247-255, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1013762204510.
Khodaverdiloo H, Rahmanian M, Rezapour S, Dashtaki S G, Hadi H, Han F X. 2012. Effect of wetting-drying cycles on redistribution of lead in some semi-arid zone soils spiked with a lead salt. Pedosphere, 22(3):304-313.
Lagomarsino A, Agnelli A E, Linquist B, Adviento-Borbe M A, Agnelli A, Gavina G, Ravaglia S, Ferrara R M. 2016.Alternate wetting and drying of rice reduced CH4 Emissions but triggered N2O peaks in a clayey soil of central Italy. Pedosphere, 26(4):533-548, http://dx.doi.
org/10.1016/S1002-0160(15)60063-7.
Li P Y, Qian H, Howard K W F, Wu J H, Lyu X. 2014.Anthropogenic pollution and variability of manganese in alluvial sediments of the Yellow River, Ningxia, northwest China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 186(3):1 385-1 398, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-013-3461-3.
Li P Y, Qian H, Howard K W F, Wu J H. 2015. Heavy metal contamination of Yellow River alluvial sediments, northwest China. Environmental Earth Sciences, 73(7):3 403-3 415, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-014-3628-4.
Li P Y, Wu J H, Qian H, Zhou W F. 2016. Distribution, enrichment and sources of trace metals in the topsoil in the vicinity of a steel wire plant along the Silk Road economic belt, northwest China. Environmental Earth Sciences, 75(10):909, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-5719-x.
Li Q S, Liu Y N, Du Y F, Cui Z H, Shi L, Wang L L, Li H J. 2011.The behavior of heavy metals in tidal flat sediments during fresh water leaching. Chemosphere, 82(6):834-838, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.11.026.
Li Q S, Wu Z F, Chu B, Zhang N, Cai S S, Fang J H. 2007.Heavy metals in coastal wetland sediments of the Pearl River Estuary, China. Environmental Pollution, 149(2):158-164, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.01.006.
Liu J Y, Liu M L, Tian H Q, Zhuang D F, Zhang Z X, Zhang W, Tang X M, Deng X Z. 2005. Spatial and temporal patterns of China's cropland during 1990-2000:an analysis based on Landsat TM data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 98(4):442-456, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2005.08.012.
Ma C, Zheng R, Zhao J L, Han X M, Wang L, Gao X J, Zhang C S. 2015. Relationships between heavy metal concentrations in soils and reclamation history in the reclaimed coastal area of Chongming Dongtan of the Yangtze River Estuary, China. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 15(1):139-152, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11368-014-0976-3.
Ma L Q, Dong Y. 2004. Effects of incubation on solubility and mobility of trace metals in two contaminated soils.Environmental Pollution, 130(3):301-307, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2004.01.007.
Masscheleyn P H, Pardue J H, DeLaune R D, Patrick Jr W H. 1992. Chromium redox Chemistry in a lower Mississippi Valley bottomland hardwood wetland. Environmental Science & Technology, 26(6):1 217-1 226, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es50002a611.
Murray M R. 2002. Is laser particle size determination possible for carbonate-rich lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology, 27(2):173-183, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1014281412035.
Nedwed T, Clifford D A. 2000. Feasibility of extracting lead from lead battery recycling site soil using highconcentration chloride solutions. Environmental Progress, 19(3):197-206, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ep.670190312.
Nelson R E. 1982. Carbonate and gypsum. In:Page A L eds.Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. 2nd edn. ASA, Madison, WI, USA. p.181-197.
Norton-Brandão D, Scherrenberg S M, van Lier J B. 2013.Reclamation of used urban waters for irrigation purposes-A review of treatment technologies. Journal of Environmental Management, 122:85-98, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.03.012.
Okbah M A, Nasr S M, Kasem S M. 2008. Heavy metals availability (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu and Cr) in Aden Gulf sediments under aerobic and anaerobic conditions.Chemistry and Ecology, 24(2):109-117, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02757540801919305.
Ong G H, Yap C K, Maziah M, Suhaimi H, Tan S G. 2013. An investigation of arsenic contamination in Peninsular Malaysia based on Centella asiatica and soil samples.Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185(4):3 243-3 254, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-012-2787-6.
Paalman M A A, Van Der Weijden C H, Loch J P G. 1994.Sorption of cadmium on suspended matter under estuarine conditions; competition and complexation with major sea-water ions. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 73(1):49-60, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00477975.
Page A L, Miller R H. 1991. The Method of Soil Analysis. Min J K, Hao X R, Yan H J, Xie C T, Trans. China Agriculture and Technology Press, Beijing, China. p.93-112. (in Chinese)
Panda D, Subramanian V, Panigrahy R C. 1995. Geochemical fractionation of heavy metals in Chilka lake (east coast of India)-a tropical coastal lagoon. Environmental Geology, 26(4):199-210.
Roberts L C, Hug S J, Voegelin A, Dittmar J, Kretzschmar R, Wehrli B, Saha G C, Badruzzaman A B M, Ali M A. 2011.Arsenic dynamics in porewater of an intermittently irrigated paddy field in bangladesh. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(3):971-976, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es102882q.
Sheykhi V, Moore F. 2013. Evaluation of potentially toxic metals pollution in the sediments of the Kor river, southwest Iran. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185(4):3 219-3 232, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-012-2785-8.
Soler-Rovira P, Madejón E, Madejón P, Plaza C. 2010. In situ remediation of metal-contaminated soils with organic amendments:role of humic acids in copper bioavailability.Chemosphere, 79(8):844-849, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.02.054.
Soon Y K. 1994. Effect of long term cropping on availability of Cu, Mn and Zn in soil following clearing of a boreal forest. Plant and Soil, 160(1):157-160, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00150358.
Speelmans M, Vanthuyne D R J, Lock K, Hendrickx F, Du L G, Tack F M G, Janssen C R. 2007. Influence of flooding, salinity and inundation time on the bioavailability of metals in wetlands. Science of the Total Environment, 380(1-3):144-153, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.07.041.
Stefánsson A, Gunnarsson I, Kaasalainen H, Arnórsson S. 2015. Chromium geochemistry and speciation in natural waters, Iceland. Applied Geochemistry, 62:200-206, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.07.007.
Tack F M, Lapauw F, Verloo M G. 1997. Determination and fractionation of sulphur in a contaminated dredged sediment. Talanta, 44(12):2 185-2 192.
Ure A M, Quevauviller P, Muntau H, Griepink B. 1993.Speciation of heavy metals in soils and sediments. An account of the improvement and harmonization of extraction techniques undertaken under the auspices of the BCR of the commission of the European communities.International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 51(1-4):135-151, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03067319308027619.
Van Den Berg G A, Loch J P G. 2000. Decalcification of soils subject to periodic waterlogging. European Journal of Soil Science, 51(1):27-33, http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.2000.00279.x.
Verslycke T, Vangheluwe M, Heijerick D, De Schamphelaere K, Van Sprang P, Janssen C R. 2003. The toxicity of metal mixtures to the estuarine mysid Neomysis integer(Crustacea:Mysidacea) under changing salinity. Aquatic Toxicology, 64(3):307-315, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0166-445x(03)00061-4.
Wahid P A, Kamalam N V. 1993. Reductive dissolution of crystalline and amorphous Fe(Ⅲ) oxides by microorganisms in submerged soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 15(2):144-148, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00336433.
Walkley A, Black I A. 1934. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37(1):29-38, http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003.
Williams T P, Bubb J M, Lester J N. 1994. Metal accumulation within salt marsh environments:a review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 28(5):277-290, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0025-326x(94)90152-x.
Wu J H, Fu C Z, Lu F, Chen J K. 2005. Changes in free-living nematode community structure in relation to progressive land reclamation at an intertidal marsh. Applied Soil Ecology, 29(1):47-58, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2004.09.003.
Yap C K, Pang B H. 2011. Assessment of Cu, Pb and Zn contamination in sediment of north western Peninsular Malaysia by using sediment quality values and different geochemical indices. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 183(1-4):23-39, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-1903-3.
Zhang W, Yu L, Hutchinson S M, Xu S, Chen Z, Gao X. 2001.China's Yangtze Estuary:I. Geomorphic influence on heavy metal accumulation in intertidal sediments.Geomorphology, 41(2-3):195-205, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-555X(01)00116-7.
Zheng S N, Zhang M K. 2011. Effect of moisture regime on the redistribution of heavy metals in paddy soil. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 23(3):434-443, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1001-0742(10)60428-7.
Zhu Q H, Huang D Y, Liu S L, Zhou B, Luo Z C, Zhu H H. 2012. Flooding-enhanced immobilization effect of sepiolite on cadmium in paddy soil. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 12(2):169-177, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11368-011-0444-2.