Cite this paper:
Rediat ABATE, GAO Yahui, CHEN Changping, LIANG Junrong, CHEN Weifang, SUN Lin, Demeke KIFILE. Environmental change and its effects on inter-decadal variations of diatom production, species composition and frustule dissolution in a coastal marginal sea[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2017, 35(6): 1362-1373

Environmental change and its effects on inter-decadal variations of diatom production, species composition and frustule dissolution in a coastal marginal sea

Rediat ABATE1,3, GAO Yahui1,2, CHEN Changping1, LIANG Junrong1, CHEN Weifang2, SUN Lin2, Demeke KIFILE4
1 School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China;
2 State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China;
3 College of Natural Science, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch PO Box 21, Ethiopia;
4 Department of Zoological Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, PO Box 1176, Ethiopia
Abstract:
The implications of climate change during the second half of the 20th century have been reported throughout the world. Although marginal seas are sensitive to climate change and anthropogenic impacts, relatively little attention has been given to the South East Asian marginal seas. Thus, to bridge this gap in knowledge, a sediment core was collected from the coastal areas of the Leizhou Peninsula in the South China Sea (SCS) to study the inter-decadal climate change and its consequences using diatom species composition as a proxy record. Diatom absolute abundance varied from 2 300 to 68 000 and averaged 16 000 valves per gram of dry weight (v/gdw). The fractional dissolution index (Fi) was usually below 0.5, which indicates low to moderate preservation of diatom valves at coastal area of the SCS. At the inter-decadal time scale, total diatom abundance was high for the period after 1972, which coincided with 1) increased percentage of planktonic diatom abundance and Fi; 2) emergence and dominance of high productivity indicative cosmopolitan species such as Thalassionema nitzschioides and Paralia sulcata (their relative abundance increased from <1.5% to >7% for the period before and after 1972, respectively); 3) decreased relative abundance of the small-sized eutrophication indicative species, Cyclotella striata, from 70% to 40%. This study reveals that variations in the abundance of diatoms preserved in the sediment was a function of both production and dissolution/preservation of diatom valves, which in turn was intimately connected to the prevailing environmental/climatic conditions. In conclusion, these data reveal the existence of substantial changes in the coastal SCS in response to the 1970s climate shift that was recorded in different parts of the world.
Key words:    benthic diatoms|dissolution index|planktonic diatoms|primary productivity|South China Sea   
Received: 2016-04-24   Revised: 2016-06-08
Tools
PDF (793 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Authors
Articles by Rediat ABATE
Articles by GAO Yahui
Articles by CHEN Changping
Articles by LIANG Junrong
Articles by CHEN Weifang
Articles by SUN Lin
Articles by Demeke KIFILE
References:
Abrantes F. 1988. Diatom assemblages as upwelling indicators in surface sediments off Portugal. Marine Geology, 85(1):15-39.
Appleby P G, Oldfield F. 1978. The calculation of lead-210 dates assuming a constant rate of supply of unsupported 210Pb to the sediment. Catena, 5(1):1-8.
Armand L K, Crosta X, Quéguiner B, Mosseri J, Garcia N. 2008. Diatoms preserved in surface sediments of the northeastern Kerguelen Plateau. Deep Sea Research Part Ⅱ:Topical Studies in Oceanography, 55(5-7):677-692.
Bárcena M A, Abrantes F. 1998. Evidence of a highproductivity area off the coast of Málaga from studies of diatoms in surface sediments. Marine Micropaleontology, 35(1-2):91-103.
Bauer A, Radziejewska T, Liang K, Kowalski N, Dellwig O, Bosselmann K, Stark A, Xia Z, Harff J, Böttcher M E, Schulz-Bull D E, Waniek J J. 2013. Regional differences of hydrographical and sedimentological properties in the Beibu Gulf, South China Sea. Journal of Coastal Research, (S66):49-71.
Bauer A. 2012. Hydrographical and Biogeochemical Characterization of the Beibu Gulf, South China Sea. der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät, der Universität Rostock, Rostock. 146p.
Belkin I M. 2009. Rapid warming of large marine ecosystems.Progress in Oceanography, 81(1-4):207-213.
Bianchi T S, Engelhaupt E, McKee B A, Miles S, Elmgren R, Hajdu S, Savage C, Baskaran M. 2002. Do sediments from coastal sites accurately reflect time trends in water column phytoplankton? A test from Himmerfjärden Bay(Baltic Sea proper). Limnology and Oceanography, 47(5):1 537-1 544.
Boer W, Van den Bergh G, De Haas H, De Stigter H, Gieles R, Van Weering T C. 2006. Validation of accumulation rates in Teluk Banten (Indonesia) from commonly applied 210
Pb models, using the 1883 Krakatau tephra as time marker. Marine Geology, 227(3):263-277.
Brush G S. 2009. Historical land use, nitrogen, and coastal eutrophication:a paleoecological perspective. Estuaries and Coasts, 32(1):18-28.
Cai W J, Dai M H, Wang Y C, Zhai W D, Huang T, Chen S T, Zhang F, Chen Z Z, Wang Z H. 2004. The biogeochemistry of inorganic carbon and nutrients in the Pearl River estuary and the adjacent Northern South China Sea.Continental Shelf Research, 24(12):1 301-1 319.
Cheng F J, Yu Z M, Song X X. 2014. Long-term changes in sedimentary diatom assemblages and their environmental implications in the Changjiang (Yangtze) River estuary, China. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 32(1):155-161.
Cheng Z D, Gao Y H, Liu S C, Wang D Z, Chen C P, Liang J R, Qi Y Z. 2013. Flora Algarum Marinarum Sinicarum:Tomus V. Bacillariophyta, No. Ⅱ. Pennatae I, Diatomales, Achnanthales, Phaeodactylales, Eunotiales. Science Press, Beijing. 137p. (in Chinese)
Finkelstein S A, Gajewski K. 2007. A palaeolimnological record of diatom-community dynamics and late-Holocene climatic changes from Prescott Island, Nunavut, central Canadian Arctic. The Holocene, 17(6):803-812.
Gebühr C, Wiltshire K H, Aberle N, van Beusekom J E, Gerdts G. 2009. Influence of nutrients, temperature, light and salinity on the occurrence of Paralia sulcata at Helgoland Roads, North Sea. Aquatic Biology, 7(3):185-197.
Giani M, Djakovac T, Degobbis D, Cozzi S, Solidoro C, Umani S F. 2012. Recent changes in the marine ecosystems of the northern Adriatic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 115:1-13.
Guo Y, Qian S. 1984. Flora Algarum Marinarum Sinicarum(Tomus V) Bacillariophyta (No. I) Centricea. Science Press, Beijing, China. (in Chinese)
Harrison P J, Yin K, Lee J H W, Gan J P, Liu H B. 2008.Physical-biological coupling in the Pearl River Estuary.Continental Shelf Research, 28(12):1 405-1 415.
Hill M O, Bunce R G H, Shaw M W. 1975. Indicator Species Analysis, a divisive polythetic method of classification, and its application to a survey of native pinewoods in scotland. The Journal of Ecology, 63(2):597-613.
Hill M O, Šmilauer P. 2005. TWINSPAN for Windows Version 2.3. Software and user Guide. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, University of South Bohemia, Huntingdon, Ceske Budejovice.
Hinder S L, Hays G C, Edwards M, Roberts E C, Walne A W, Gravenor M B. 2012. Changes in marine dinoflagellate and diatom abundance under climate change. Nature Climate Change, 2(4):271-275.
Hu J F, Sun X S, Peng P A, Zhang G, Chivas A R. 2009. Spatial and temporal variation of organic carbon in the northern South China Sea revealed by sedimentary records.Quaternary International, 206(1-2):46-51.
Hu J Y, Kawamura H, Tang D L. 2003. Tidal front around the Hainan Island, northwest of the South China Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research:Oceans, 108(C11):3 342.
Huang L M, Jian W J, Song X Y, Huang X P, Liu S, Qian P Y, Yin K D, Wu M. 2004. Species diversity and distribution for phytoplankton of the Pearl River estuary during rainy and dry seasons. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 49(7-8):588-596.
Huang Y, Jiang H, Svante B, Li T G, Lv H Y, Ran L H. 2009.Surface sediment diatoms from the western Pacific marginal seas and their correlation to environmental variables. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 27(3):674-682.
Huh C A, Su C C. 1999. Sedimentation dynamics in the East China Sea elucidated from 210Pb, 137Cs and 239, 240Pu.Marine Geology, 160(1-2):183-196.
Itoh S, Yasuda I, Nishikawa H, Sasaki H, Sasai Y. 2009.Transport and environmental temperature variability of eggs and larvae of the Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) and Japanese sardine (Sardinops melanostictus) in the western North Pacific estimated via numerical particle-tracking experiments. Fisheries Oceanography, 18(2):118-133.
Jiang H, Zheng Y L, Ran L H, Seidenkrantz M S. 2004.Diatoms from the surface sediments of the South China Sea and their relationships to modern hydrography.Marine Micropaleontology, 53(3-4):279-292.
Jin D X, Cheng Z D, Lin J M, Liu S C. 1985. The marine benthic diatoms in China. China Ocean Press, SpringerVerlag, Berlin Heidelberg, Beijng. 313p.
Klais R, Tamminen T, Kremp A, Spilling K, Olli K. 2011.Decadal-scale changes of dinoflagellates and diatoms in the anomalous Baltic Sea spring bloom. PLoS One, 6(6):e21567.
Kuwae M, Yamashita A, Hayami Y, Kaneda A, Sugimoto T, Inouchi Y, Amano A, Takeoka H. 2006. Sedimentary records of multidecadal-scale variability of diatom productivity in the Bungo Channel, Japan, associated with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Journal of Oceanography, 62(5):657-666.
Lee H S, Yamashita T, Mishima T. 2012. Multi-decadal variations of ENSO, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and tropical cyclones in the western North Pacific. Progress in Oceanography, 105:67-80.
Lee V, Olsen S. 1985. Eutrophication and management initiatives for the control of nutrient inputs to Rhode Island coastal lagoons. Estuaries, 8(2):191-202.
Li F, Lin J Q, Liang Y Y, Gan H Y, Zeng X Y, Duan Z P, Liang K, Liu X, Huo Z H, Wu C H. 2014. Coastal surface sediment quality assessment in Leizhou Peninsula (South China Sea) based on SEM-AVS analysis. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 84(1-2):424-436.
Liu K K, Chao S Y, Shaw P T, Gong G C, Chen C C, Tang T Y. 2002. Monsoon-forced chlorophyll distribution and primary production in the South China Sea:observations and a numerical study. Deep Sea Research Part I:Oceanographic Research Papers, 49(8):1 387-1 412.
Liu Y, Peng Z C, Chen T G, Wei G J, Sun W D, Sun R Y, He J F, Liu G J, Chou C L, Zartman R E. 2008. The decline of winter monsoon velocity in the South China Sea through the 20th century:evidence from the Sr/Ca records in corals. Global and Planetary Change, 63(1):79-85.
Menge B A, Chan F, Nielsen K J, Lorenzo E D, Lubchenco J. 2009. Climatic variation alters supply-side ecology:impact of climate patterns on phytoplankton and mussel recruitment. Ecological Monographs, 79(3):379-395.
Miller K R, Chapman M R, Andrews J E, Koç N. 2011. Diatom phytoplankton response to Holocene climate change in the Subpolar North Atlantic. Global and Planetary Change, 79(3-4):214-225.
Montes-Hugo M, Doney S C, Ducklow H W, Fraser W, Martinson D, Stammerjohn S E, Schofield O. 2009.Recent changes in phytoplankton communities associated with rapid regional climate change along the Western Antarctic peninsula. Science, 323(5920):1 470-1 473.
Nave S, Freitas P, Abrantes F. 2001. Coastal upwelling in the Canary Island region:spatial variability reflected by the surface sediment diatom record. Marine Micropaleontology, 42(1-2):1-23.
Oey L Y, Chang M C, Chang Y L, Lin Y C, Xu F H. 2013.Decadal warming of coastal China Seas and coupling with winter monsoon and currents. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(23):6 288-6 292.
Perren B B, Douglas M S V, Anderson N J. 2009. Diatoms reveal complex spatial and temporal patterns of recent limnological change in West Greenland. Journal of Paleolimnology, 42(2):233-247.
Qiu D J, Huang L M, Zhang J L, Lin S J. 2010. Phytoplankton dynamics in and near the highly eutrophic Pearl River Estuary, South China Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 30(2):177-186.
Renberg I. 1990. A procedure for preparing large sets of diatom slides from sediment cores. Journal of Paleolimnology, 4(1):87-90.
Romero O, Hebbeln D. 2003. Biogenic silica and diatom thanatocoenosis in surface sediments below the PeruChile Current:controlling mechanisms and relationship with productivity of surface waters. Marine Micropaleontology, 48(1-2):71-90.
Romero O, Hensen C. 2002. Oceanographic control of biogenic opal and diatoms in surface sediments of the Southwestern Atlantic. Marine Geology, 186(3-4):263-280.
Rosenberg R, Elmgren R, Fleischer S, Jonsson P, Persson G, Dahlin H. 1990. Marine eutrophication case studies in sweden. Ambio, 19(3):102-108.
Round F E, Crawford R M, Mann D G. 1990. The Diatoms:Biology & Morphology of the Genera. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Rühland K, Paterson A M, Smol J P. 2008. Hemispheric-scale patterns of climate-related shifts in planktonic diatoms from North American and European lakes. Global Change Biology, 14(11):2 740-2 754.
Ryu E, Lee S J, Yang D Y, Kim J Y. 2008. Paleoenvironmental studies of the Korean peninsula inferred from diatom assemblages. Quaternary International, 176-177:36-45.
Ryves D B, Battarbee R W, Fritz S C. 2009. The dilemma of disappearing diatoms:incorporating diatom dissolution data into palaeoenvironmental modelling and reconstruction. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(1-2):120-136.
Ryves D B, Juggins S, Fritz S C, Battarbee R W. 2001.Experimental diatom dissolution and the quantification of microfossil preservation in sediments. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 172(1-2):99-113.
Sancetta C. 1982. Distribution of diatom species in surface sediments of the Bering and Okhotsk seas.Micropaleontology, 28(3):221-257.
Sangiorgi F, Donders T H. 2004. Reconstructing 150 years of eutrophication in the north-western Adriatic Sea (Italy) using dinoflagellate cysts, pollen and spores. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 60(1):69-79.
Shemesh A, Burckle L H, Froelich P N. 1989. Dissolution and preservation of Antarctic diatoms and the effect on sediment thanatocoenoses. Quaternary Research, 31(2):288-308.
Shuman F R. 1978. The fate of phytoplankton chlorophyll in the euphotic zone:Washington coastal waters. University of Washington, Washington. 250p.
Su C C, Huh C A. 2002. 210Pb, 137Cs and 239, 240Pu in East China Sea sediments:sources, pathways and budgets of sediments and radionuclides. Marine Geology, 183(1-4):163-178.
Swann G E A, Mackay A W. 2006. Potential limitations of biogenic silica as an indicator of abrupt climate change in Lake Baikal, Russia. Journal of Paleolimnology, 36(1):81-89.
Tang D L, Kawamura H, Lee M A, Van Dien T. 2003. Seasonal and spatial distribution of chlorophyll-a concentrations and water conditions in the Gulf of Tonkin, South China Sea. Remote Sensing of Environment, 85(4):475-483.
Trenberth K E, Hurrell J W. 1994. Decadal atmosphere-ocean variations in the Pacific. Climate Dynamics, 9(6):303-319.
Treppke U F, Lange C B, Donner B, Fischer G, Ruhland G, Wefer G. 1996. Diatom and silicoflagellate fluxes at the Walvis Ridge:an environment influenced by coastal upwelling in the Benguela system. Journal of Marine Research, 54(5):991-1016.
Van Iperen J M, Van Weering T C E, Jansen J H F, Van Bennekom A J. 1987. Diatoms in surface sediments of the Zaire deep-sea fan (SE Atlantic Ocean) and their relation to overlying water masses. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 21(3):203-217.
Wang B, Huang F, Wu Z W, Yang J, Fu X H, Kikuchi K. 2009.Multi-scale climate variability of the South China Sea monsoon:a review. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 47(1-3):15-37.
Wang S L, Xu X R, Sun Y X, Liu J L, Li H B. 2013. Heavy metal pollution in coastal areas of South China:a review.Marine Pollution Bulletin, 76(1-2):7-15.
Weckström K, Korhola A, Weckström J. 2007. Impacts of eutrophication on diatom life forms and species richness in coastal waters of the Baltic Sea. Ambio, 36(2):155-160.
Wu R, Gao Y H, Fang Q, Chen C P, Lan B B, Sun L, Lan D Z. 2013. Diatom assemblages in surface sediments from the South China Sea as environmental indicators. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 31(1):31-45.
Xie S P, Du Y, Huang G, Zheng X T, Tokinaga H, Hu K M, Liu Q Y. 2010. Decadal shift in El Niño influences on IndoWestern Pacific and East Asian climate in the 1970s.Journal of Climate, 23(12):3 352-3 368.
Yin K D, Qian P Y, Wu M C S, Chen J C, Huang L M, Song X Y, Jian W J. 2001. Shift from P to N limitation of phytoplankton growth across the Pearl River estuarine plume during summer. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 221:17-28.
Zachariasse W J, Riedel W R, Sanfilippo A, Schmidt R R, Brolsma M J, Schrader H J, Gersonde R, Drooger M M, Broekman J A. 1978. Micropaleontological counting methods and techniques:an exercise on an eight metres section of the lower Pliocene of Capo Rossello, Sicily.Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletins, Vol. 17. Utrecht University, Utrecht.
Zhao H, Tang D L. 2007. Effect of 1998 El Niño on the distribution of phytoplankton in the South China Sea.Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(C2):C02017.
Zong Y Q. 1997. Implications of Paralia sulcata abundance in Scottish isolation basins. Diatom Research, 12(1):125-150.