Cite this paper:
ZHANG Zhiming, LIU Chengjie, DING Huiping, XIE Peng, MA Xufa, GUO Yan, XIE Congxin. Reproductive biology of bream Abramis brama (L.) in the lower reaches of the Irtysh River, China[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2017, 35(6): 1471-1481

Reproductive biology of bream Abramis brama (L.) in the lower reaches of the Irtysh River, China

ZHANG Zhiming1,2, LIU Chengjie1, DING Huiping1,4, XIE Peng1, MA Xufa1, GUO Yan3, XIE Congxin1
1 College of Fisheries, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China;
2 Institute of Hydroecology, MWR & CAS, Wuhan 430079, China;
3 Institute of Fisheries Research of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830000, China;
4 Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
The reproductive biology of bream Abramis brama (L.) was studied from 546 fish collected from the lower reaches of the Irtysh River in Xinjiang, north-west China, from March to November 2013. The overall sex ratio (M/F) was 1.06:1, and was not significantly different from the theoretical 1:1 ratio (P>0.5). However, there was a dominance of males during the pre-spawning season (1.33 in March and 1.56 in April, P<0.5), while females were dominant during the peak spawning season (0.88 in June, P<0.5). The monthly variation in gonadosomatic index (GSI) and proportion of gonads at each macroscopic maturity stage, indicated that A. brama spawned once a year with peak spawning occurring from late May to June. The unimodal distribution of oocyte diameter each month indicated that A. brama is a single spawner, with a high degree of spawning synchronicity. The standard lengths (SL50) and ages (A50) at first maturity for males and females, were 178 and 204 mm, and 5.6 and 6.8 years, respectively. The mean absolute fecundity (AF) was 77 311 eggs per fish, and mean relative fecundity (RF) was 162 eggs per gram of body weight (BW). The AF of A. brama increased linearly with increasing of gonad weight (GW), eviscerated weight (EW) and standard length (SL), but was not significantly correlated with age. As, A. brama in the lower reaches of the Irtysh River reaches reproductive maturity relatively late in their life span, is mature for a short period and spawns in aggregations, this fish is vulnerable to overexploitation.
Key words:    reproductive biology|sex ratio|maturity|spawning period|fecundity|Abramis brama   
Received: 2016-07-23   Revised: 2016-09-19
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