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XU Zhengchao, LI Caijuan, LING Qufei, GAUGHAN Sarah, WANG Guocheng, HAN Xiaofei. Early development and the point of no return in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca L.) larvae[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2017, 35(6): 1493-1500

Early development and the point of no return in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca L.) larvae

XU Zhengchao1, LI Caijuan1, LING Qufei1, GAUGHAN Sarah2, WANG Guocheng1, HAN Xiaofei1
1 School of Biology and Basic Medical Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China;
2 Department of Biology & School of Interdisciplinary Informatics, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE 68182-0040, USA
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the yolk-sac and oil globule absorption and point of no return (PNR) of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca L.) larvae. Artificial propagation of pikeperch was performed at (15±2)℃. Yolk-sac absorption, oil globule absorption, larval growth and the first initial feeding rate were observed to analyze the early growth and to determine the PNR of pikeperch larvae. The total length of newly hatched (0 day after hatching, DAH) pikeperch larvae was (4.25±0.22) mm and the volume of the yolk-sac and the oil globule was (0.30±0.12) mm3 and (5.14±2.28) 10-2 mm3 respectively. The yolk-sac and the oil globule were exhausted at 11 DAH and 14 DAH, respectively. Pikeperch larvae began feeding at 8 DAH with an initial feeding rate about 10.0%. From 9 to 14 DAH, the initial feeding rate increased rapidly, and reached its highest (about 82.7%) at 14 DAH. It declined thereafter, 48.9% at 15 DAH and 35.6% at 16 DAH, thus the pikeperch larvae reached PNR by 15-16 DAH. The appropriate first feeding time for the pikeperch larvae is 11-12 DAH, when the initial feeding rate is higher than half of the maximum initial feeding rate.
Key words:    growth|initial feeding rate|pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) larvae|Point of No Return   
Received: 2016-02-25   Revised: 2016-05-10
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Articles by XU Zhengchao
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