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SANAYE Sushant Vilas, PAWAR Ashwini Pandurang, RIVONKER Chandrasheker Umanath, SREEPADA Rayadurga Anantha, ANSARI Zakir Ali, RAM Anirudh. Biochemical composition of the alligator pipefish, Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Bloch, 1785)[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2017, 35(6): 1501-1510

Biochemical composition of the alligator pipefish, Syngnathoides biaculeatus (Bloch, 1785)

SANAYE Sushant Vilas1, PAWAR Ashwini Pandurang1, RIVONKER Chandrasheker Umanath2, SREEPADA Rayadurga Anantha1, ANSARI Zakir Ali1, RAM Anirudh3
1 Aquaculture Laboratory, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Goa-403004, India;
2 Department of Marine Sciences, Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa-403206, India;
3 CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Regional Centre, Mumbai, India
Considering the economic importance in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and lack of baseline information, we evaluated the proximate composition, fatty acid and amino acid profiles, trace element content and C:N ratio in the alligator pipefish, Syngnathoides biaculeatus. Amongst proximate principals, a crude protein formed the major biochemical component ((58.9±2.2)% dry weight). Mean percent concentrations (dry weight) of other components such as a total lipid (TL), ash and nitrogen-free extract measured were, (1.8±0.2)%, (19.2±2.2)% and (20.1±0.45)%, respectively. The fatty acid profile revealed the presence of 27 saturated fatty acids (SFA) with 13 straight-chained and 14 branched-chained, 28 unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) with 14 monounsaturated and 14 polyunsaturated and nine other minor fatty acids. Mean percent contributions of total SFAs and UFAs to TL were found to be (55.41±0.24)% and (44.05±0.25)%, respectively. Altogether, 16 different amino acids with an equal number of essential (EAA) and non-essential (NAA) ones were identified. Percent contributions by EAA and NAA to the total amino acid content were 38.11% and 61.89%, respectively. Trace metal concentrations in S. biaculeatus were generally low and their distribution followed the order, Mg > Fe > Zn > Mn > Cu > Cr > Ni > Hg > Co. The C:N ratio was (4.37±0.04)%. The profile of major biochemical constituents in alligator pipefish, S. biaculeatus revealed its potential use in TCM as well as a nutritional diet for human consumption. The results of the study would also form the basis for formulation and optimization of diets for the culture of S. biaculeatus.
Key words:    alligator pipefish|Syngnathoides biaculeatus|proximate composition|fatty acids|amino acids|trace elements   
Received: 2016-03-15   Revised: 2016-08-19
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Articles by SANAYE Sushant Vilas
Articles by PAWAR Ashwini Pandurang
Articles by RIVONKER Chandrasheker Umanath
Articles by SREEPADA Rayadurga Anantha
Articles by ANSARI Zakir Ali
Articles by RAM Anirudh
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