Cite this paper:
ZENG Lei, HE Feng, ZHANG Yi, LIU Biyun, DAI Zhigang, ZHOU Qiaohong, WU Zhenbin. Size-dependent responses of zooplankton to submerged macrophyte restoration in a subtropical shallow lake[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2018, 36(2): 376-384

Size-dependent responses of zooplankton to submerged macrophyte restoration in a subtropical shallow lake

ZENG Lei1,2, HE Feng1, ZHANG Yi1, LIU Biyun1, DAI Zhigang1, ZHOU Qiaohong1, WU Zhenbin1
1 State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China;
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
To explore the size-dependent responses of zooplankton to submerged macrophyte restoration, we collected macrophyte, zooplankton and water quality samples seasonally from a subtropical shallow lake from 2010 to 2012. Special attention was given to changes in rotifers and crustaceans (cladocerans and copepods). The rotifers were grouped into three size classes (<200 μm, 200 μm-400 μm, >400 μm) to explore their size-related responses to macrophyte restoration. The results showed that during the restoration, the annual mean biomass and macrophyte coverage increased significantly from 0 to 637 g/m2 and 0 to 27%, respectively. In response, the density and biomass of crustaceans and the crustacean-to-rotifer ratio increased significantly, while the rotifer density decreased significantly. Moreover, rotifers showed significant sizedependent responses to macrophyte restoration. Specially, rotifers <400 μm were significantly suppressed, while those ≥ 400 μm were significantly encouraged. Overall, the population of large-sized zooplankton tended to boom, while that of small rotifers was inhibited during macrophyte restoration. Redundancy analysis (RDA) revealed positive correlations between macrophytes and crustaceans, rotifers and COD or Chl-a, but negative correlations between macrophytes and COD or Chl-a, and between crustaceans and Chl-a. Moreover, the results indicate that increased predation on phytoplankton by large-sized zooplankton might be an important mechanism for macrophyte restoration during development of aquatic ecosystems, and that this mechanism played a very important role in promoting the formation of a clear-water state in subtropical shallow lakes.
Key words:    crustacean|rotifer|large-sized zooplankton|subtropical shallow lakes   
Received: 2016-07-27   Revised:
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