Cite this paper:
SHI Dongtao, DING Jingyun, ZHANG Lingling, ZHANG Lisheng, SUN Jiangnan, CHANGYaqing, ZHAO Chong. Effects of UV-B radiation on fitness related behaviors of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2018, 36(5): 1681-1687

Effects of UV-B radiation on fitness related behaviors of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius

SHI Dongtao, DING Jingyun, ZHANG Lingling, ZHANG Lisheng, SUN Jiangnan, CHANGYaqing, ZHAO Chong
Key Laboratory of Mariculture & Stock Enhancement in North China's Sea, Ministry of Agriculture, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China
Ozone depletion induced by anthropogenic gases has been increasing the transmission of solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B, 280-315 nm) through the atmosphere, which may impact the fitness of marine invertebrates in intertidal and shallow waters. To our knowledge, however, the responses of fitness related behaviors to UV-B radiation at different intensities have been rarely studied in marine invertebrates. For the first time, the present study investigated the effects of exposure of one hour to UV-B radiation at different intensities on foraging behavior, Aristotle's lantern reflex and righting behavior of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius. Exposure of one hour to UV-B radiation at 10 μW/cm2 significantly reduced foraging behavior. An intensity dependent effect of exposure to UV-B radiation was found in the duration of the Aristotle's lantern reflex. Exposure to UV-B radiation at 20 μW/cm2 for one hour significantly reduced the duration of the Aristotle's lantern reflex, but 10 μW/cm2 did not. There was no significant difference of righting response time among sea urchins exposed to 0, 10 and 20 μW/cm2 for one hour. To test potential carryover effects, the behavioral traits were re-measured three days later. We found significant carryover effects of UV-B radiation on foraging time and righting response time, but not on the duration of the Aristotle's lantern reflex. The present study indicates that a brief exposure of one hour to UV-B radiation can significantly affect the duration of Aristotle's lantern reflex, righting response time and foraging behavior of a sea urchin, although the immediate impacts and carryover effects were highly trait dependent. This study provides new information into the behavioral responses of marine invertebrates to exposure to UV-B radiation. Future studies should be carried out to investigate long-term carryover effects of UV-B radiation on behavioral and physiological fitness related traits.
Key words:    sea urchin|UV-B|foraging behavior|righting behavior|Aristotle's lantern reflex|fitness   
Received: 2017-07-10   Revised:
PDF (500 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Articles by SHI Dongtao
Articles by DING Jingyun
Articles by ZHANG Lingling
Articles by ZHANG Lisheng
Articles by SUN Jiangnan
Articles by CHANGYaqing
Articles by ZHAO Chong
Adams N L. 2001. UV radiation evokes negative phototaxis and covering behavior in the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 213:87-95.
Agatsuma Y, Nakata A K, Matsuyama K E. 2000. Seasonal foraging activity of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus nudus on coralline flats in Oshoro Bay in South-western Hokkaido, Japan. Fish. Sci., 66(2):198-203.
Agatsuma Y. 2013. Strongylocentrotus intermedius. In:Sea Urchins:Biology and Ecology. Third edition. (ed. John M. Lawrence). Academic Press, San Diego. p.437-447.
Bais A F, McKenzie R L, Bernhard G, Aucamp P J, Ilyas M, Madronich S, Tourpali K. 2015. Ozone depletion and climate change:impacts on UV radiation. Photochem.Photobiol. Sci., 14(1):19-52.
Barry J P, Lovera C, Buck K R, Peltzer E T, Taylor J R, Walz P, Whaling P J, Brewer P G. 2014. Use of a free ocean CO2 enrichment (FOCE) system to evaluate the effects of ocean acidification on the foraging behavior of a deep-sea urchin. Environ. Sci. Technol., 48(16):9 890-9 897.
Brothers C J, McClintock J B. 2015. The effects of climateinduced elevated seawater temperature on the covering behavior, righting response, and Aristotle's lantern reflex of the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus. J. Exp. Mar. Biol.Ecol., 467:33-38.
Chang Y Q, Ding J, Song J, Yang W. 2004. Biology and Aquaculture of Sea Cucumbers and Sea Urchins. China Ocean Press, Beijing, China. (in Chinese)
Corning P A. 2014. Evolution ‘on purpose’:how behaviour has shaped the evolutionary process. Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 112(2):242-260.
Day T A, Neale P J. 2002. Effects of UV-B radiation on terrestrial and aquatic primary producers. Annu. Rev.Ecol. Systemat., 33:371-396.
De Ridder C, Lawrence J M. 1982. Food and feeding mechanisms:echinoidea. In:Jangoux M, Lawrence J M eds. Echinoderm Nutrition. A. A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. p.57-92.
Dumont C P, Drolet D, Deschênes I, Himmelman J H. 2007.Multiple factors explain the covering behaviour in the green sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis.Anim. Behav., 73(6):979-986.
Ebert T A, Hernández J C, Clemente S. 2014. Annual reversible plasticity of feeding structures:cyclical changes of jaw allometry in a sea urchin. Proc. Roy. Soc. B-Biol. Sci., 281(1779):20 132 284.
Grémillet D, Péron C, Kato A, Amélineau F, Ropert-Coudert Y, Ryan P G, Pichegru L. 2016. Starving seabirds:unprofitable foraging and its fitness consequences in Cape gannets competing with fisheries in the Benguela upwelling ecosystem. Mar. Biol., 163:35.
Harding A P, Scheibling R E. 2015. Feed or flee:effect of a predation-risk cue on sea urchin foraging activity. J. Exp.Mar. Biol. Ecol., 466:59-69.
Kehas A J, Theoharides K A, Gilbert J J. 2005. Effect of sunlight intensity and albinism on the covering response of the Caribbean Sea urchin Tripneustes ventricosus. Mar.Biol., 146(6):1 111-1 117.
Lamare M, Burritt D, Lister K. 2011. Ultraviolet radiation and echinoderms:past, present and future perspectives. Adv.Mar. Biol., 59:145-187.
Machiguchi Y. 1987. Feeding behavior of sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius observed in Y-shaped chamber. Bull. Hokkaido Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., 51:33-37.
Manney G L, Santee M L, Rex M, Livesey N J, Pitts M C, Veefkind P, Nash E R, Wohltmann I, Lehmann R, Froidevaux L, Poole L R, Schoeberl M R, Haffner D P, Davies J, Dorokhov V, Gernandt H, Johnson B, Kivi R, Kyrö E, Larsen N, Levelt P F, Makshtas A, McElroy CT, Nakajima H, Parrondo M C, Tarasick D W, Von Der Gathen P, Walker K A, Zinoviev N S. 2011. Unprecedented Arctic ozone loss in 2011. Nature, 478(7370):469-475.
Mayr E. 1960. The emergence of evolutionary novelties. In:Tax S ed. Evolution after Darwin. I:The Evolution of Life:Its Origin, History and Future. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA. p.349-380.
Miyamoto K, Kohshima S. 2006. Experimental and field studies on foraging behavior and activity rhythm of hardspined sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina. Fish. Sci., 72(4):796-803.
Pearse J S. 2006. Ecological role of purple sea urchins. Science, 314(5801):940-941.
Sigg J E, Lloyd-Knight K M, Boal J G. 2007. UV radiation influences covering behaviour in the urchin Lytechinus variegatus. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK, 87:1 257-1 261.
Tedetti M, Sempéré R. 2006. Penetration of ultraviolet radiation in the marine environment. A review. Photochem.Photobiol., 82(2):389-397.
Verling E, Crook A, Barnes D. 2002. Covering behaviour in Paracentrotus lividus:is light important? Mar. Biol., 140(2):391-396.
Zhao C, Bao Z M, Chang Y Q. 2016. Fitness-related consequences shed light on the mechanisms of covering and sheltering behaviors in the sea urchin Glyptocidaris crenularis. Mar. Ecol., 37(5):998-1 007.