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LI Zhongbao, YANG Huan, SHANGGUAN Jingbo, CHEN Qiang, LI Wenjing, LU Jing. Growth performance, digestive enzyme activities and serum nonspecific immunity of the red tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus×Oreochromis niloticus) fed diets supplemented with ultrafine powder of Enteromopha prolifera[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2018, 36(5): 1843-1850

Growth performance, digestive enzyme activities and serum nonspecific immunity of the red tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus×Oreochromis niloticus) fed diets supplemented with ultrafine powder of Enteromopha prolifera

LI Zhongbao1,2, YANG Huan1,2, SHANGGUAN Jingbo1,2, CHEN Qiang1,2, LI Wenjing1,2, LU Jing1,2
1 Fisheries College, Jimei Universitiy, Xiamen 361021, China;
2 Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Fishery Resources and Eco-Environment, Xiamen 361021, China
The present study evaluated effects of ultrafine powder of the green macroalgae Enteromopha prolifera as dietary supplement on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities and serum nonspecific immune responses of the red tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus×Oreochromis niloticus). The red tilapia were fed five diets supplemented with different levels of E. prolifera ultrafine powder as well as a control diet containing no E. prolifera for seven weeks (Diets 0-6 contained 0 (control), 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 g/kg of E. prolifera ultrafine powder, respectively). The results showed that diets supplemented with E. prolifera ultrafine powder generally improved growth, immunity and digestive enzyme activities of the red tilapia. In particular, the fish fed the diet incorporated 50 g/kg (5%) E. prolifera ultrafine powder (Diet 5) achieved the highest percentage weight gain, specific growth rate and the condition factor (increased by 15.4%, 8.0% and 5.7%, respectively when compared to the control). Feeding the diet also led to significantly increases (P<0.05) in serum nonspecific immune responses, including total superoxide dismutase, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, lysozyme activities and serum total protein (increased by 19.4%, 48.1%, 29.5%, 30.3% and 8.7%, respectively) as well as digestive enzyme activities of erepsin, gastric amylase, gastric lipase, pepsin, intestinal amylase and gastric lipase (increased by 15.7%, 33.3%, 16.3%, 21.3%, 52.3% and 28.2%, respectively) than those of the control. Based on these results, it is recommended that the inclusion level of E. prolifera ultrafine powder in the diet of the red tilapia should be 50 g/kg (or 5%).
Key words:    Enteromopha prolifera|ultrafine powder|red tilapia|growth performance|digestive enzyme activities|serum nonspecific immunity   
Received: 2017-06-11   Revised:
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