Cite this paper:
LI Feng, HUANG Shuiying, LU Xiaoxia, WANG Jun, LIN Mingwei, AN Yu, WU Shaoting, CAI Minggang. Effects of dietary supplementation with algal astaxanthin on growth, pigmentation, and antioxidant capacity of the blood parrot (Cichlasoma citrinellum×Cichlasoma synspilum)[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2018, 36(5): 1851-1859

Effects of dietary supplementation with algal astaxanthin on growth, pigmentation, and antioxidant capacity of the blood parrot (Cichlasoma citrinellum×Cichlasoma synspilum)

LI Feng1, HUANG Shuiying2, LU Xiaoxia2, WANG Jun1, LIN Mingwei1, AN Yu1, WU Shaoting1, CAI Minggang1,2
1 College of Ocean and Earth Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China;
2 State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
Abstract:
An algal astaxanthin feeding trial was carried out to investigate the effects of natural astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis as feed additives on growth, pigmenting efficacy and antioxidant capacity in blood parrot (Cichlasoma citrinellum×Cichlasoma. synspilum). Tissue total antioxidant capacity (TAC), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and maleic dialdehyde (MDA) were chosen as measures of its antioxidant capacity. All fish which received an astaxanthin (from micro-algal H. pluvialis) supplemented diet with 400 mg/kg of astaxanthin, after 50 days of feeding, the astaxanthin-fed fish displayed a pinkcolored skin and the control-fed fish displayed a grayish skin. For the growth, the weight gains of controlfed fish and astaxanthin-fed fish were 200% and 300%, respectively. Samples of skin and scales were used for analysis of total carotenoids and astaxanthin content, and fish feeding astaxanthin showed significantly (P<0.05) higher concentrations than the control group, indicating that the pigmentation of this fish had been significantly improved by dietary astaxanthin. Compared with the control fish, pigmented fish had lower SOD, CAT and MDA and higher TAC. It can be concluded that supplementation with dietary astaxanthin could effectively enhance growth, skin coloration and the antioxidant capacity of this fish. This study will provide a reference for application of natural astaxanthin from H. pluvialis as feed additives in blood parrot artificial breeding. Our data is also useful in ornamental fish farming, especially when the retentivity of astaxanthin in the skin and scales are involved. It is leading to the possibility of increasing the pigmentation of farmed-fish by adding the powdered form of H. pluvialis to the diet as an effective pigment.
Key words:    astaxanthin|Haematococcus pluvialis|pigmentation|antioxidant capacity|blood parrot   
Received: 2017-06-13   Revised:
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Articles by LI Feng
Articles by HUANG Shuiying
Articles by LU Xiaoxia
Articles by WANG Jun
Articles by LIN Mingwei
Articles by AN Yu
Articles by WU Shaoting
Articles by CAI Minggang
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