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Elena V. ANUFRⅡEVA. How can saline and hypersaline lakes contribute to aquaculture development? A review[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2018, 36(6): 2002-2009

How can saline and hypersaline lakes contribute to aquaculture development? A review

Elena V. ANUFRⅡEVA
The A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Marine Biological Research of RAS, 2 Nakhimov av., Sevastopol 299011, Russia
Abstract:
A considerable part of the world's population is currently experiencing a severe scarcity of freshwater and nutrition. Inland aquaculture has the fastest growth in fresh waters, and this contributes to the eutrophication of freshwater bodies. The increase in freshwater aquaculture impacts on the increasing demand for fresh water. A way to overcome this is to develop aquaculture in saline lakes. This article discusses how saline and hypersaline lakes may contribute to overcome this problem and gives a list of fish and shrimp species that can be cultivated in saline lakes. Successful development of aquaculture depends on a healthy cultured stock of commercial fish and shrimps. A sustainable healthy stock of fish and shrimps can be only maintained using live food for the cultured fish larvae, fry and fingerlings. As well as Artemia spp. there are many other crustacean species with the potential for growing in hypersaline waters. At least 26 copepod species around the world can live at a salinity above 100 g/L with 12 species at a salinity higher than 200 g/L, and these all have excellent nutritional value. There is a high potential to use eukaryotic organisms of different taxa in salin/hypersaline aquaculture for food, agri-aquaculture, different industries and as food supplements.
Key words:    aquaculture|saline lakes|shrimps|fish|Copepoda   
Received: 2017-11-01   Revised:
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