Cite this paper:
Nickolai V. SHADRIN. The alternative saline lake ecosystem states and adaptive environmental management[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2018, 36(6): 2010-2017

The alternative saline lake ecosystem states and adaptive environmental management

Nickolai V. SHADRIN
Kovalevsky Institute of Marine Biological Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Sevastopol 299011, Russia
Abstract:
Our sustainable environmental management must be based on adequate ecological concepts. The question arises: what concept is better to use for understanding and management of ecosystems? To look for an answer, we concentrate our attention on saline lakes. Every ecosystem has several alternative stable states and may demonstrate regime shifts, which are large, abrupt, persistent changes in the structure and function of a system. To understand the dynamics of ecosystems the Concept of Multiplicity of Ecosystem Alternative Stable States as a new ecological paradigm has been developed recently. The author analyzes the emerging paradigm using the case of saline lakes, and discusses how to base our adaptive environmental management on the developing paradigm. Different issues of development of the concept and its application to salinology as a scientific basis of an integrated management of a saline lake and its watershed are discussed. The concept may serve as one of the key theoretical elements of the scientific basis in sustainable environmental management.
Key words:    adaptive management|aquatic ecology|environmental management|saline lakes|salinology   
Received: 2017-11-01   Revised:
Tools
PDF (845 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Authors
Articles by Nickolai V. SHADRIN
References:
Adema E B, Grootjans A P, Petersen J, Grijpstra J. 2002.Alternative stable states in a wet calcareous dune slack in the Netherlands. J. Veg. Sci., 13(1):107-114.
Anufriieva E V, Shadrin N V, Shadrina S N. 2017. History of research on biodiversity in Crimean hypersaline waters.Arid Ecosyst., 7(1):52-58.
Anufriieva E V. 2015. Do copepods inhabit hypersaline waters worldwide? A short review and discussion. Chin. J.Oceanol. Limnol., 33(6):1 354-1 361.
Anufriieva E, Shadrin N. 2014. Resting stages of crustaceans in the Crimean hypersaline lakes (Ukraine) and their ecological role. Acta Geol. Sin., 88(S1):46-49.
Balushkina E V, Golubkov S M, Golubkov M S, Litvinchuk L F, Shadrin N V. 2009. Effect of abiotic and biotic factors on the structural and functional organization of the saline lake ecosystems in Crimea. Zh. Obshch. Biol., 70(6):504-514. (in Russian)
Beisner B E, Haydon D T, Cuddington K. 2003. Alternative stable states in ecology. Front. Ecol. Environ., 1(7):376-382.
Belmonte G, Moscatello S, Batogova E A, Pavlovskaya T, Shadrin N V, Litvinchuk L F. 2012. Fauna of hypersaline lakes of the Crimea (Ukraine). Thalass. Salent., 34:11-24.
Biggs R, Carpenter S R, Brock W A. 2009. Turning back from the brink:detecting an impending regime shift in time to avert it. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 106(3):826-831.
Bindraban P S, Brink B T, Bai Z G, Bakkenes M, Van Beek R, Van Den M, Muller C, Schaphoff S, Sonneveld B, Stoorvogel J, Temme A. 2013. Mapping global ecosystem degradation and its impacts. http://www.isric.org/sites/default/files/UNCCD_paper_SBSTA_2-2013_Bindraban_et_al_final_10-12-12.pd.
Blindow I, Andersson G, Hargeby A, Johansson S. 1993.Long-term pattern of alternative stable states in two shallow eutrophic lakes. Freshw. Biol., 30(1):159-167.
Boldgiv B, Bayartogtokh B, Bayarsaikhan U. 2005. Yellow dragon, green belt and alternative ecosystem states. Mong.J. Biol. Sci., 3(2):49-58.
Capon S J, Lynch A J J, Bond N, Chessman B C, Davis J, Davidson N, Finlayson M, Gell P A, Hohnberg D, Humphrey C, Kingsford R T, Nielsen D, Thomson J R, Ward K, Nally R M. 2015. Regime shifts, thresholds and multiple stable states in freshwater ecosystems; a critical appraisal of the evidence. Sci. Total Environ., 534:122-130.
Costanza R, Liu S. 2014. Ecosystem services and environmental governance:comparing China and the U.S. Asia Pac.Policy Stud., 1(1):160-170.
Crépin A S, Biggs R, Polasky S, Troell M, De Zeeuw A. 2012.Regime shifts and management. Ecol. Econ., 84:15-22.
Cundill G, Cumming G S, Biggs D, Fabricius C. 2012. Soft systems thinking and social learning for adaptive management. Conserv. Biol., 26(1):13-20.
Davis J A, McGuire M, Halse S A, Hamilton D, Horwitz P, McComb A J, Froend R H, Lyons M, Sim L. 2003. What happens when you add salt:predicting impacts of secondary salinisation on shallow aquatic ecosystems by using an alternative-states model. Aust. J. Bot., 51(6):715-724.
Dent C L, Cumming G S, Carpenter S R. 2002. Multiple states in river and lake ecosystems. Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. B, 357(1421):635-645.
Dublin H T, Sinclair A R E, McGlade J. 1990. Elephants and fire as causes of multiple stable states in the SerengetiMara woodlands. J. Anim. Ecol., 59(3):1 147-1 164.
Egorov A N, Kosmakov I V. 2010. Geography and A Use of Salt Lakes. Nauka, Novosibirsk. 184p. (in Russian).
El-Shabrawy G M, Anufriieva E V, Germoush M O, Goher M E, Shadrin N V. 2015. Does salinity change determine zooplankton variability in the saline Qarun Lake (Egypt)? Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol., 33(6):1 368-1 377.
Folke C, Fabricius C, Cundill G, Schultz L. 2005. Communities, ecosystems and livelihoods. In:Capistrano D, Samper C, Lee M, Raudsepp-Hearne C eds. Ecosystems and Human Well-being:Multiscale Assessment. Island Press, Washington. p.261-277.
Gunderson L H, Holling C S. 2002. Panarchy:Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Island Press, Washington. 507p.
Habron G. 2003. Role of adaptive management for watershed councils. Environ. Manage., 31(1):29-41.
Haken H. 1993. Advanced Synergetics:Instability Hierarchies of Self-Organizing Systems and Devices. SpringerVerlag, New York. 356p.
Hammer U T. 1986. Saline Lake Ecosystems of the World.Springer, Dordrecht. 616p.
Hilderbrand R H, Watts A C, Randle A M. 2005. The myths of restoration ecology. Ecol. Soc., 10(1):19. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol10/iss1/art19/.
Holling C S, Schindler D W, Walker B W, Roughgarden J. 1995. Biodiversity in the functioning of ecosystems:an ecological synthesis. In:Perrings C, Mäler K G, Folke C, Holling C S, Jansson B O eds. Biodiversity Loss:Economic and Ecological Issues. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. p.44-83.
Holling C S. 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 4:1-23.
Holling C S. 1978. Adaptive Environmental Assessment and Management. Wiley, New York. 377p.
Holling C S. 2001. Understanding the complexity of economic, ecological, and social systems. Ecosystems, 4(5):390-405.
Jia Q X, Anufriieva E, Liu X F, Kong F J, Shadrin N. 2015.Intentional introduction of Artemia sinica (Anostraca) in the high-altitude Tibetan Lake Dangxiong Co:the new population and consequences for the environment and for humans. Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol., 33(6):1 451-1 460.
Knowlton N. 1992. Thresholds and multiple stable states in coral reef community dynamics. Integr. Comp. Biol., 32(6):674-682.
Krasilov V A. 1986. Unsolved Problems in the Theory of Evolution. DVNTs AN SSSR, Vladivostok. 139p. (in Russian).
Lewontin R C. 1969. The meaning of stability. In:Woodwell G M, Smith H H eds. Diversity and Stability in Ecological Systems, Brookhaven Symposia in Biology, No. 22.Brookhaven Laboratories, New York. p.13-24.
Lin H B, Thornton J A, Shadrin N. 2015. A watershed-based adaptive knowledge system for developing ecosystem stakeholder partnerships. Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol., 33(6):1 476-1 488.
Lin Q Q, Xu L, Hou J Z, Liu Z W, Jeppesen E, Han B P. 2017.Responses of trophic structure and zooplankton community to salinity and temperature in Tibetan lakes:implication for the effect of climate warming. Water Res., 124:618-629, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2017.07.078.
Lyytimäki J, Hildén M. 2007. Thresholds of sustainability:policy challenges of regime shifts in coastal areas.Sustainability:Sci. Pract. Policy, 3(2):61-69.
McGlathery K J, Reidenbach M A, D'Odorico P, Fagherazzi S, Pace M L, Porter J H. 2013. Nonlinear dynamics and alternative stable states in shallow coastal systems.Oceanography, 26(3):220-231.
Petraitis P S, Methratta E T, Rhile E C, Vidargas N A, Dudgeon S R. 2009. Experimental confirmation of multiple community states in a marine ecosystem. Oecologia, 161(1):139-148.
Prazukin A V, Bobkova A N, Evstigneeva I K, Tankovska I N, Shadrin N V. 2008. Structure and seasonal dynamics of the phytocomponent of the bioinert system marine hypersaline lake on cape of Chersonesus (Crimea). Morsk.Ekol. Zh., 7(1):61-79.
Prigogine I, Stengers I. 1984. Order Out of Chaos. Heinemann, London. 349p.
Rumyantsev V A, Drabkova V G, Izmaylova A V. 2015. Lakes of the European part of Russia. Lena, St. Petersburg. 392p. (in Russian).
Samylina O S, Gerasimenko L M, Shadrin N V. 2010.Comparative characteristic of the phototroph communities from the mineral lakes of Crimea (Ukraine) and Altai region (Russia). Int. J. Algae, 12(2):142-158.
Scheffer M, Carpenter S, Foley J A, Folke C, Walker B. 2001.Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature, 413(6856):591-596.
Scheffer M. 2001. Alternative attractors of shallow lakes. Sci.World J., 1:254-263.
Schmitz O J. 2010. Resolving Ecosystem Complexity.Princeton University Press, Princeton. 192p.
Shadrin N V, Anufriieva E V, Amat F, Eremin O Y. 2015b.Dormant stages of crustaceans as a mechanism of propagation in the extreme and unpredictable environment in the Crimean hypersaline lakes. Chin. J. Oceanol.Limnol., 33(6):1 362-1 367.
Shadrin N V, Anufriieva E V, Belyakov V P, Bazhora A I. 2017b. Chironomidae larvae in hypersaline waters of the Crimea:diversity, distribution, abundance and production.Eur. Zool. J., 84(1):61-72.
Shadrin N V, Anufriieva E V, Shadrina S N. 2017a. Brief review of phototrophs in the Crimean hypersaline lakes and lagoons:diversity, ecological role, the possibility of using. Mar. Biol. J., 2(2):80-85.
Shadrin N V, Anufriieva E V. 2012. Review of the biogeography of the genus Artemia Leach, 1819 (Crustacea, Anostraca)in Russia. Int. J. Artemia Biol., 2(1):51-61.
Shadrin N V, Anufriieva E V. 2013. Climate change impact on the marine lakes and their crustaceans:the case of marine hypersaline Lake Bakalskoye (Ukraine). Turk. J. Fish.Aquat. Sci., 13:603-611.
Shadrin N V, Anufriieva E V. 2016. Why do we need to pay more attention to study the saline lakes? SILNews, 61:10-11.
Shadrin N V, Mironov S S, Ferat T A. 2012. Interrelations between the losses of sandy beaches and biodiversity in seas:case of the Bakalskaya Spit (Crimea, Ukraine, Black sea). Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 12:411-415.
Shadrin N V. 2012. Ecosystem dynamics and evolution:multiplicity of steady states and tipping points. Necessity of new understanding. Morsk. Ekol. Zh., 11(2):85-95. (in Russian).
Shadrin N V. 2013. Alternative stable states of lake ecosystems and critical salinities:is there a rigid connection? Proc.Zool. Inst., (3):214-221. (in Russian).
Shadrin N V. 2017. Peculiarities of structure, functioning and dynamics of the salt lake ecosystems. In:Zheng M, Deng T, Oren A eds. Introduction to Salt lake Sciences. Science Press, Beijing. p.179-186.
Shadrin N, Zheng M P, Oren A. 2015a. Past, present and future of saline lakes:research for global sustainable development.Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol., 33(6):1 349-1 353.
Suding K N, Gross K L, Houseman G R. 2004. Alternative states and positive feedbacks in restoration ecology.Trends Ecol. Evol., 19(1):46-53.
Walker B, Holling C S, Carpenter S R, Kinzig A. 2004.Resilience, adaptability and transformability in socialecological systems. Ecol. Soc., 9(2):5. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art5/.
Winberg G G. 1928. Planktonolgical and physico-chemical investigations of Pond Popov. In:Skadovskyi S N ed. A Use of Methods of Physical Chemistry to Study Biology of Freshwaters. Institute of National Health, Moscow.p.352-364. (in Russian).
Zagorodnyaya Y A, Batogova E A, Shadrin N V. 2008. Longterm transformation of zooplankton in the hypersaline lake Bakalskoe (Crimea) under salinity fluctuations. Mar.Ecol. J., 7(4):41-50.
Zheng M P. 2001. On salinology. In:Melack J, Jellison R, Herbst D B eds. Saline Lakes. Springer, Dordrecht. p.339-347.
Zheng M P. 2014. Saline Lakes and Salt Basin Deposits in China-Selected Works of Zheng Mianping. Science Press, Beijing. 321p.