Cite this paper:
CHEN Xiaohui, LI Rihui, LAN Xianhong, WANG Yan. Stratigraphy of late Quaternary deposits in the mid-western North Yellow Sea[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2018, 36(6): 2130-2153

Stratigraphy of late Quaternary deposits in the mid-western North Yellow Sea

CHEN Xiaohui1,2, LI Rihui1,2, LAN Xianhong1,2, WANG Yan1,2
1 Key laboratory of Marine Hydrocarbon Resources and Environmental Geology, Ministry of Land and Resources, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Qingdao Institute of Marine Geology, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
The North Yellow Sea (NYS) is characterized by strong land-sea interaction and paleoenvironmental changes with sea-level fluctuations during the late Quaternary. However, large-time scale depositional stratigraphy in this area and its relationship with sea-level changes remain unresolved. Highresolution seismic profiles from NYS were subdivided into eleven seismic units (U1 to U11 in descending order). A 70.6-m-long borehole (DLC70-2) from localities on seismic profiles, analyzed for lithology, microfossil assemblages and geochronology, comprises eleven sedimentary units (D1 to D11 in descending order), which were clearly correlated with the eleven seismic units. These units constitute four distinctive sequences (SQ1 to SQ4 from top to bottom) bounded by three sequence boundaries (S3, S5 and S10) with obvious depositional hiatus, correlated with sea-level lowstands of MIS2, MIS4 and MIS6, respectively. The lowermost SQ4 below S10, has been identified only upper part of transgressive systems tract (TST) (D11, tidal flat facies in early MIS6). SQ3 overlying S10 consists of a set of lowstand systems tracts (LST) (D10, fluvial to incised-channel filling facies in late MIS6), TST and highstand systems tracts (HST) (D9 to D6, interactive deposits of neritic and littoral facies in MIS5 and early MIS4). SQ2 above S5 is composed of LST (D5, channel-filling facies in late MIS4) and TST (D4, littoral to estuary facies in early-middle MIS3), but lack of HST resulting from subaerial exposure and channel incising during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The uppermost SQ1 overlying S3 comprises LST (D3, channel-filling to flooding plain or marsh facies in MIS2), Holocene TST (D2, littoral and tidal sand ridge facies) and HST (D1, neritic facies). The unusual depositional stratigraphy was largely dominated by sea-level fluctuations and the Bohai Strait topography. This study confirms that TSTs are relative continuous and widely distributed, while LSTs vary considerably in thickness and lateral extent since MIS6 in NYS.
Key words:    late Quaternary|seismic stratigraphy|North Yellow Sea|sea-level fluctuation   
Received: 2017-06-14   Revised:
Tools
PDF (7859 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Authors
Articles by CHEN Xiaohui
Articles by LI Rihui
Articles by LAN Xianhong
Articles by WANG Yan
References:
Berné S, Vanger P, Guichard F et al. 2002. Pleistocene forced regressions and tidal sand ridges in the East China Sea.Marine Geology, 188(3-4):293-315.
Bi N S, Yang Z S, Wang H J et al. 2011. Seasonal variation of suspended-sediment transport through the southern Bohai Strait. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 93(3):239-247.
Broecker W S, Denton G H. 1989. The role of oceanatmosphere reorganizations in glacial cycles. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53(10):2 465-2 501.
Cabioch G, Ayliffe L K. 2001. Raised coral terraces at Malakula, Vanuatu, southwest Pacific, indicate high sea level during marine isotope stage 3. Quaternary Research, 56(3):357-365.
Çağatay M N, Eriş K, Ryan W B F et al. 2009. Late PleistoceneHolocene evolution of the northern shelf of the Sea of Marmara. Marine Geology, 265(3-4):87-100.
Cattaneo A, Steel R J. 2003. Transgressive deposits:a review of their variability. Earth-Science Reviews, 62(3-4):187-228.
Catuneanu O. 2006. Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy.Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Chappell J, Omura A, Esat T et al. 1996. Reconciliaion of late Quaternary sea levels derived from coral terraces at Huon Peninsula with deep sea oxygen isotope records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 141(1-4):227-236.
Chen X H, Li R H, Lan X H et al. 2014. Formation and paleoenvironmental implications of hard clay in the central North Yellow Sea during the late period of Pleistocene.Quaternary Sciences, 34(3):570-578. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Chen X H, Li R H, Lan X H et al. 2016. Paleo-environmental evolution in the central shelf of the North Yellow Sea since mid-MIS3. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 34(1):102-110. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Chen X H, Li R H, Xu X D. 2011. Shallow seismic records and late Pleistocene stratigraphy of the North Yellow Sea.Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 31(3):17-22. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Chen X H, Li T G, Zhang X H et al. 2013a. A Holocene Yalu River-derived fine-grained deposit in the southeast coastal area of the Liaodong Peninsula. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 31(3):636-647.
Chen X H, Zhang X H, Li R H et al. 2013b. Characteristics of tidal sand ridges off the southeast Liaodong Peninsula and influence factors. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 33(1):11-17. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Cheng P, Gao S, Bokuniewicz H. 2004. Net sediment transport patterns over the Bohai Strait based on grain size trend analysis. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 60(2):203-212.
Cheng P, Gao S, Liu J P et al. 2001. Preliminary analysis of the distribution of Holocene deposits in the west of the North Yellow Sea. Quaternary Sciences, 21(4):379. (in Chinese)
Choi B H, Eum H M, Woo S B. 2003. Modeling of coupled tide-wave-surge process in the Yellow Sea. Ocean Engineering, 30(6):739-759.
Chough S K, Kim D C. 1981. Dispersal of fine-grained sediments in the southeastern Yellow Sea:a steady-state model. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 51(3):721-758.
Chough S K, Lee H J, Yoon S H. 2000. Marine Geology of Korean Seas. 2nd ed. Elsevier Science & Technology Press, Amsterdam. p. 47-144.
Dong L X, Su J L, Wang K S. 1989. Tide current in the Yellow Sea and its relationship with sediment transport. Acta Geologica Sinica, 11(1):102-114. (in Chinese)
Dung B V, Stattegger K, Unverricht D et al. 2013. Late Pleistocene-Holocene seismic stratigraphy of the South East Vietnam Shelf. Global and Planetary Change, 110:156-169.
Fairbanks R G. 1989. A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record:influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep ocean circulation. Nature, 342(6250):637-642.
Folk R L, Ward W C. 1957. Brazos River bar:a study in the significance of grain size parameters. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 27(1):3-26.
Fu W X, Miao F M, Wei C K. 1995. Processes of filling and land forming of submerged coast along the Yellow River, Liaodong Peninsula. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 17(5):95-102. (in Chinese)
Gámez D, Simó J A, Lobo F J et al. 2009. Onshore-offshore correlation of the Llobregat deltaic system, Spain:development of deltaic geometries under different relative sea-level and growth fault influences. Sedimentary Geology, 217(1-4):65-84.
Gao S, Park Y A, Zhao Y Y. 1996. Transport and resuspension of fine-grained sediments over the southeastern Yellow Sea. In:Proceedings of the Korea-China International Seminar on Holocene and Late Pleistocene Environments in the Yellow Sea Basin. Seoul National University Press, Seoul, p. 83-98.
Green A N. 2009. Palaeo-drainage, incised valley fills and transgressive systems tract sedimentation of the northern KwaZulu-Natal continental shelf, South Africa, SW Indian Ocean. Marine Geology, 263(1-4):46-63.
Guan B. 1983. A sketch of the current structure and eddy characteristics in the East China Sea. In:Yuru L ed.Proceedings of the International Symposium Sedimentation on the Continental Shelf, with Special Reference to the East China Sea. China Ocean Press, Beijing. p. 56-79. (in Chinese)
Hübscher C, Figueiredo Jr A G, Kruse L et al. 2002. Highresolution analysis of the deposition pattern on the Amazon sub-aquatic delta and outer continental shelf.Marine Geophysical Researches, 23(3):209-222.
Hunt D, Tucker M E. 1992. Stranded parasequences and the forced regressive wedge systems tract:deposition during base-level' fall. Sedimentary Geology, 81(1-2):1-9.
IOCAS(Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences). 1985. Geology of the Bohai Sea. Science Press, Beijing. p. 161-211. (in Chinese)
Işler E B, Aksu A E, Yaltırak C et al. 2008. Seismic stratigraphy and Quaternary sedimentary history of the northeast Aegean Sea. Marine Geology, 254(1-2):1-17.
Jin J H, Chough S K, Ryang W H. 2002. Sequence aggradation and systems tracts partitioning in the mid-eastern Yellow Sea:roles of glacio-eustasy, subsidence and tidal dynamics. Marine Geology, 184(3-4):249-271.
Jin J H, Chough S K. 1998. Partitioning of transgressive deposits in the southeastern Yellow Sea:a sequence stratigraphic interpretation. Marine Geology, 149(1-4):79-92.
Lambeck K, Chappell J. 2001. Sea level change through the last glacial cycle. Science, 292(5517):679-686.
Lan S F, Gu C C, Fu B Z. 1986. Characteristics of temperature and salinity of the southern Yellow Sea Warm Current water. Studia Marina Sinica, 27:55-64. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Lan X H, Mi B B, Chen X H et al. 2015. Tracing of rare earth elements in late Quaternary sediments from central North Yellow Sea. Journal of the Chinese Society of Rare Earths, 33(2):241-252. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Lea D W, Martin P A, Pak D K et al. 2002. Reconstructing a 350 ky history of sea level using planktonic Mg/Ca and oxygen isotope records from a Cocos Ridge core.Quaternary Science Reviews, 21(1-3):283-293.
Lee G S, Kim D C, Yoo D G et al. 2014. Stratigraphy of late Quaternary deposits using high resolution seismic profile in the southeastern Yellow Sea. Quaternary International, 344:109-124.
Lee H J, Chough S K. 1989. Sediment distribution, dispersal and budget in the Yellow Sea. Marine Geology, 87(2-4):195-205.
Lee H J, Chu Y S. 2001. Origin of inner-shelf mud deposit in the southeastern Yellow Sea:Huksan mud belt. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 71(1):144-154.
Li C X, Wang P, Sun H P et al. 2002. Late Quaternary incisedvalley fill of the Yangtze delta (China):its stratigraphic framework and evolution. Sedimentary Geology, 152(1-2):133-158.
Li C X, Zhang J Q, Fan D D et al. 2001. Holocene regression and the tidal radial sand ridge system formation in the Jiangsu coastal zone, east China. Marine Geology, 173(1-4):97-120.
Li G X, Yang Z G, Liu Y. 2005. Origins of Seafloor Sedimentary Environments in Eastern China Sea Regions. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
Li T G, Chang F M, Yu X K. 2010. Younger Dryas event and formation of peat layers in the northern Yellow Sea. Earth Science Frontiers, 17(1):322-329. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Li T G, Jiang B, Sun R T et al. 2007. Evolution pattern of warm current system of the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea since the last deglaciation. Quaternary Sciences, 27(6):945-954. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Li Y, Li A C, Huang P et al. 2014. Clay minerals in surface sediment of the north Yellow Sea and their implication to provenance and transportation. Continental Shelf Research, 90:33-40.
Li Y, Li A C, Huang P. 2011. Distribution of heavy mineral assemblages in subsurface sediments of Dalian Bay and their implications for provenance and environment.Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 31(6):13-20. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Linsley B K. 1996. Oxygen-isotope record of sea level and climate variations in the Sulu Sea over the past 150,000 years. Nature, 380(6571):234-237.
Liu P, Wang H. 2014. Flux and fate of the Yellow (Huanghe)River-derived materials to the sea:impacts of climate change and human activities. In:Bianchi T, Allision M, Cai W eds. Biogeochemical dynamics at major rivercoastal interfaces, linkages with global change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. p.138-154.
Liu A J, Yin X F, Lu M. 1984. The tidal characteristics in the Huanghai Sea (Ⅱ). Advances in Marine Science, (2):24-27. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Liu J P, Milliman J D, Gao S et al. 2004. Holocene development of the Yellow River's subaqueous delta, North Yellow Sea. Marine Geology, 209(1-4):45-67.
Liu J P, Milliman J D, Gao S. 2002. The Shandong mud wedge and post-glacial sediment accumulation in the Yellow Sea. Geo-Marine Letters, 21(4):212-218.
Liu J, Li S Q, Wang S J et al. 1999. Sea level changes of the Yellow Sea and formation of the Yellow Sea Warm Current since the last deglaciation. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 19(1):13-24. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Liu J, Saito Y, Kong X H et al. 2010. Delta development and channel incision during marine isotope stages 3 and 2 in the western South Yellow Sea. Marine Geology, 278(1-4):54-76.
Liu J, Saito Y, Wang H et al. 2007. Sedimentary evolution of the Holocene subaqueous clinoform off the Shandong Peninsula in the Yellow Sea. Marine Geology, 236(3-4):165-187.
Liu J, Saito Y, Wang H et al. 2009. Stratigraphic development during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene offshore of the Yellow River delta, Bohai Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 36(4-5):318-331.
Liu Z X, Xia D X, Berné S et al. 1998. Tidal deposition systems of China's continental shelf, with special reference to the eastern Bohai Sea. Marine Geology, 145(3-4):225-253.
Liu Z X, Xia D X, Tang M X et al. 1994. Holocene tidal depositional system in the east of Bohai Sea. Science in China (Series B), 24(12):1 331-1 338. (in Chinese)
Liu Z X, Xia D X. 2004. Tidal Sands in the China Seas. China Ocean Press, Beijing. p.74-141. (in Chinese)
Lv X X, Song J M, Li X G et al. 2005. Geochemical characteristics and early diagenesis of Nitrogen in the Northern Yellow Sea sediments. Acta Geologica Sinica, 79(1):114-123. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Marsset T, Xia D, Berné S et al. 1996, Stratigraphy and sedimentary environments during the Late Quaternary, in the Eastern Bohai Sea (North China Platform). Marine Geology, 135(1-4):97-114.
Milliman J D, Qin Y S, Ren M E et al. 1987. Man's influence on the erosion and transport of sediment by Asian rivers:the Yellow River (Huanghe) example. Journal of Geology, 95(6):751-762.
Nan Q Y, Li T G, Chen J X et al. 2017. Holocene paleoenvironment changes in the northern Yellow Sea:Evidence from alkenone-derived sea surface temperature.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 483:83-93, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.01.031.
Nordfjord S, Goff J A, Austin Jr J A. et al. 2006. Seismic facies of incised-valley fills, New Jersey continental shelf:implications for erosion and preservation processes acting during latest Pleistocene-Holocene transgression. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 76(12):1 284-1 303.
Osterberg E C. 2006. Late Quaternary (marine isotope stages 6-1) seismic sequence stratigraphic evolution of the Otago continental shelf, New Zealand. Marine Geology, 229(3-4):159-178.
Park Y A, Khim B K. 1992. Origin and dispersal of recent clay minerals in the Yellow Sea. Marine Geology, 104(1-4):205-213.
Qin Y S, Zhao Y Y, Chen L R et al. 1989. Geology of the Yellow Sea. China Ocean Press, Beijing. p.1-289. (in Chinese)
Saito Y, Katayama K, Ikehara K et al. 1998. Transgressive and highstand systems tracts and post-glacial transgression, the East China Sea. Sedimentary Geology, 122(1-4):217-232.
Schubel J R, Shen H T, Park M J. 1984. A comparison of some characteristic sedimentation processes of estuaries entering the Yellow Sea. In:Park Y A, Pilkey O H, Kim S W eds. Marine Geology and Physical Processes of the Yellow Sea. Korea Institute of Energy Resources, Seoul.p. 286-308.
Shepard F P. 1954. Nomenclature based on sand-silt-clay ratios. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 24(3):151-158.
Su Y S. 1986. A survey of geographic environment, circulation system and the central fishing grounds in the Huanghai Sea and East China Sea. Journal of Shandong College of Oceanology, 16(1):12-28. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Vail P R. 1987. Seismic stratigraphy interpretation using sequence stratigraphy, Part 1:seismic stratigraphy interpretation procedure. In:Bally A W ed. Atlas of Seismic Stratigraphy. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa. p. 1-10.
Wang P X, Min Q B, Bian Y H. 1985. Distributions of foraminifera and Ostracoda in bottom sediments of the northwestern part of the South Huanghai (Yellow) Sea and its geological significance. In:Wang P X ed. Marine Micropaleontology of China. China Ocean Press, Beijing.p. 93-114. (in Chinese)
Wang W, Li A C, Xu F J et al. 2009. Distribution of surface sediments and sedimentary environment in the North Yellow Sea. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 40(5):525-531. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wang Z B, Yang S Y, Wang Q et al. 2014. Late Quaternary stratigraphic evolution on the outer shelf of the East China Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 90:5-16.
Williams D F, Moore W S, Fillon R H. 1981. Role of glacial Arctic Ocean ice sheets in Pleistocene oxygen isotope and sea level records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 56:157-166.
Wintle A G. 1997. Luminescence dating:laboratory procedures and protocols. Radiation Measurement, 27(5-6):769-817.
Yang Z G, Lin H M, Wang S J et al. 1998. A study of the ancient cold water mass sediments in South Yellow Sea during Last Interglacial. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 18(1):47-58. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Yang Z G, Wang S J, Zhang G W et al. 2001. Evolution model for south Yellow Sea tidal sand ridges during transgressions in deglaciation. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 21(3):1-10. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Yang Z G. 1993. The sedimentary sequence and palaeogeographic changes of the South Yellow Sea since the Olduvai subchron. Acta Geologica Sinica, 67(4):357-366. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Yang Z S, Liu J P. 2007. A unique Yellow River-derived distal subaqueous delta in the Yellow Sea. Marine Geology, 240(1-4):169-176.
Ye Y G, Diao S B, He J et al. 1996. ESR chronology of well QC2 in the South Yellow Sea. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology, 16(1):95-102. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Yoo D G, Chang T S, Lee G S et al. 2016a. Late Quaternary seismic stratigraphy in response to postglacial sea-level rise at the mid-eastern Yellow Sea. Quaternary International, 392:125-136.
Yoo D G, Lee G S, Kim G Y et al. 2016b. Seismic stratigraphy and depositional history of late Quaternary deposits in a tide-dominated setting:an example from the eastern Yellow Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 73:212-227.
Yoo D-G, Park S-C. 2000. High-resolution seismic study as a tool for sequence stratigraphic evidence of high-frequency sea-level changes:Latest Pleistocene-Holocene example from the Korea Strait. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 70(2):269-309.