Cite this paper:
GARCÍA-MUÑOZ Enrique, GUERRERO Francisco, ARECHAGA Garbiñe, PARRA Gema. Does wetland watershed land use influence amphibian larval development? A relevant effect of agriculture on biota[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(1): 160-168

Does wetland watershed land use influence amphibian larval development? A relevant effect of agriculture on biota

GARCÍA-MUÑOZ Enrique1, GUERRERO Francisco1,2, ARECHAGA Garbiñe3, PARRA Gema1,2
1 Departamento de Biología Animal, Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Campus de las Lagunillas, s/n. E-23071 Jaén, Spain;
2 Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Ciencias de la Tierra, Campus de las Lagunillas, s/n. E-23071 Jaén, Spain;
3 Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Campus de las Lagunillas, s/n. 23071 Jaén, Spain
Abstract:
Agriculture practices have been widely proposed as the major cause of amphibian population decline. However, the majority of these results have been based on laboratory experiments. The present study was conducted to test the repercussion of wetland sediment provenance on amphibian larval development. Bufo bufo larvae were used in two different treatments in an outdoor experiment, the first one using sediment from one wetland surrounded by intensive agricultural practices, and the second using sediment with no record of agrochemical uses. A negative effect was observed in the agricultural treatment, from subcellular to individual level. The results showed that the sediment from agricultural practices watershed generates a reduction in survival. Furthermore, individuals that developed under this treatment showed a lower total length and a delay in the time necessary to complete metamorphosis; these features are connected with recruitment success. In the same way, biochemical analysis showed high values of lipid peroxidation in metamorphs developing in sediments from an agricultural area. Finally, the results obtained highlight the importance of considering the sediments, not only the water, as origin treatment, allowing us to understand the consequences on amphibian populations that inhabit areas affected by intensive agriculture.
Key words:    amphibian decline|Bufo bufo|survival|ecotoxicology|agricultural practices   
Received: 2017-12-27   Revised: 2018-02-22
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Articles by GARCÍA-MUÑOZ Enrique
Articles by GUERRERO Francisco
Articles by ARECHAGA Garbiñe
Articles by PARRA Gema
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