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THIRUNAVUKKARASU Muralisankar, PERIYAKALI Saravana Bhavan, SUBRAMANIAN Radhakrishnan, PERUMAL Santhanam. Influence of two different dietary zinc sources in freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii post larvae[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(1): 290-299

Influence of two different dietary zinc sources in freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii post larvae

THIRUNAVUKKARASU Muralisankar1,4, PERIYAKALI Saravana Bhavan2, SUBRAMANIAN Radhakrishnan3, PERUMAL Santhanam4
1 Aquatic Ecology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641 046, Tamil Nadu, India;
2 Crustacean Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641 046, Tamil Nadu, India;
3 Department of Arid Land Agriculture, College of Food & Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain-15551, UAE;
4 Marine Planktonology and Aquaculture Laboratory, Department of Marine Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli-620 024, Tamil Nadu, India
A feeding experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of bulk zinc (B-Zn) and zinc nanoparticles (Zn-NPs) on survival, growth, compositions of amino acid and fatty acid, and nonspecific immune responses of the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii post larvae. The B-Zn (size 10 μm) and Zn-NPs (size 50 nm) were supplemented separately with the basal feeds of M. rosenbergii at 60 mg/kg and feed without supplementation of any Zn source was served as a control. M. rosenbergii were fed these feeds for 90 days and the results showed that significant (P<0.05) improvements in survival, growth, feed intake, specific growth rate, essential amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids, nonspecific immune responses (total haemocytes and differential haemocytes count) of M. rosenbergii fed with B-Zn and Zn-NPs supplemented feeds when compared to control. Among these Zn sources, Zn-NPs supplemented feeds fed prawns showed significantly (P<0.05) better performance than that of B-Zn and control. Hence, present study suggests that the 60 mg/kg Zn-NPs can be supplemented with basal feeds of M. rosenbergii for regulating better survival and growth.
Key words:    survival|feed|amino acid|fatty acid|haemocytes|zinc nanoparticles   
Received: 2017-09-20   Revised: 2017-11-19
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Articles by THIRUNAVUKKARASU Muralisankar
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