Cite this paper:
LI Xiaohong, XIAO Hui, ZHANG Wenjun, LI Yongqian, TANG Xuexi, DUAN Jizhou, YANG Zhibo, WANG Jing, GUAN Fang, DING Guoqing. Analysis of cultivable aerobic bacterial community composition and screening for facultative sulfate-reducing bacteria in marine corrosive steel[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(2): 600-614

Analysis of cultivable aerobic bacterial community composition and screening for facultative sulfate-reducing bacteria in marine corrosive steel

LI Xiaohong1,2,3, XIAO Hui1, ZHANG Wenjun4, LI Yongqian1,2,3, TANG Xuexi1, DUAN Jizhou2,3, YANG Zhibo1, WANG Jing1,2,3, GUAN Fang2,3, DING Guoqing5
1 College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China;
2 Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Corrosion and Biofouling, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
3 Open Studio for Marine Corrosion and Protection, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266235, China;
4 Ningbo Tianhe Aquatic Ecosystems Engineering Co. Ltd., Ningbo 315000, China;
5 Qingdao Research Institute for Marine Corrosion, Qingdao 266000, China
Anaerobic, aerobic, and facultative bacteria are all present in corrosive environments. However, as previous studies to address corrosion in the marine environment have largely focused on anaerobic bacteria, limited attention has been paid to the composition and function of aerobic and facultative bacteria in this process. For analysis in this study, ten samples were collected from rust layers on steel plates that had been immersed in seawater for different periods (i.e., six months and eight years) at Sanya and Xiamen, China. The cultivable aerobic bacterial community structure as well as the number of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were analyzed in both cases, while the proportion of facultative SRB among the isolated aerobic bacteria in each sample was also evaluated using a novel approach. Bacterial abundance results show that the proportions are related to sea location and immersion time; abundances of culturable aerobic bacteria (CAB) and SRB from Sanya were greater in most corrosion samples than those from Xiamen, and abundances of both bacterial groups were greater in samples immersed for six months than for eight years. A total of 213 isolates were obtained from all samples in terms of CAB community composition, and a phylogenetic analysis revealed that the taxa comprised four phyla and 31 genera. Bacterial species composition is related to marine location; the results show that Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were the dominant phyla, accounting for 98.13% of the total, while Bacillus and Vibrio were the dominant genera, accounting for 53.06% of the total. An additional six facultative SRB strains were also screened from the isolates obtained and were found to encompass the genus Vibrio (four strains), Staphylococcus (one strain), and Photobacterium (one strain). It is noteworthy that mentions of Photobacterium species have so far been absent from the literature, both in terms of its membership of the SRB group and its relationship to corrosion.
Key words:    marine corrosive steel|cultivable aerobic bacteria|facultative sulfate-reducing bacteria|bacterial community composition|16S rRNA gene sequencing   
Received: 2018-01-01   Revised: 2018-02-22
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