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SU Fang, LIU Jianguo. The carotenoid characteristics of the important wild shrimp Trachysalambria curvirostris (Stimpson, 1860) in China[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(2): 706-712

The carotenoid characteristics of the important wild shrimp Trachysalambria curvirostris (Stimpson, 1860) in China

SU Fang1,2,3, LIU Jianguo1,2
1 CAS Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266071, China;
3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Trachysalambria curvirostris is an economically important shrimp in the coastal waters of the Western Indo-Pacific. However, there is no information about its carotenoid composition and distribution. The carotenoid profiles including concentration, composition, molecular forms (free or esterified) and configuration (geometrical and optical isomers) of raw and dried T. curvirostris (Stimpson, 1860) were qualitatively and quantitatively assessed. In the raw shrimp, astaxanthin and β-carotene were the two dominant carotenoids, which contributed 75.18%-88.86% and 2.86%-16.83% of the total carotenoid content. Traces of echinenone, canthaxanthin and astacene were also detected. The carotenoid content in the waste (80.28 mg/kg dry weight) was nearly two-fold higher than that in the meat (49.69 mg/kg dry weight). Of the total astaxanthin in these shrimp, 85.18%-90.59% was esterified. All-trans astaxanthin was the predominant geometrical isomer followed by 13-cis, 9-cis, di-cis and 15-cis isomers. A mix of three stereoisomers was found in all parts and the percentages of meso (3S, 3'R) and (3S, 3'S) forms were significantly higher than the (3R, 3'R) isomer. Compared to the carotenoid content of the raw shrimp, only 26.17 mg/kg remained in the dried shrimp. Nearly half of the carotenoids were lost during the drying process. Substantial hydrolysis and isomerization also occurred.
Key words:    Trachysalambria curvirostris|carotenoids|astaxanthin|dried shrimp   
Received: 2018-01-25   Revised: 2018-04-04
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