Cite this paper:
Md. Abu NOMAN, MAMUNUR Rashid, M SHAHANUL Islam, M. Belal HOSSAIN. Spatial and seasonal distribution of intertidal macrobenthos with their biomass and functional feeding guilds in the Naf River estuary, Bangladesh[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(3): 1010-1023

Spatial and seasonal distribution of intertidal macrobenthos with their biomass and functional feeding guilds in the Naf River estuary, Bangladesh

Md. Abu NOMAN1, MAMUNUR Rashid2, M SHAHANUL Islam3, M. Belal HOSSAIN2
1 College of Marine & Environmental Science, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300072, China;
2 Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh;
3 Faculty of Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
Abstract:
The Naf River estuary is one of the most productive ecological ecosystems in Bangladesh providing an important feeding area for fishes and other aquatic animals. However, detailed information on macrobenthic communities is rarely available in this area. Our study focused on the seasonal and spatial variability of macrobenthic community structure with their biomass and functional guilds. In total, fortyseven taxa were identified under nine major groups and seven functional feeding guilds. Among macrobenthic taxa, Polychaeta was dominant in both seasons and all over the estuary contributing 60% of total benthos. The mean abundance of macrobenthos was higher during the pre-monsoon (2 972±1 994 inds./m2) than the monsoon (1 572±361 inds./m2) being maximum at mid-estuary region and minimum at upper and lower estuary regions. Of the diversity indices, density (P=0.01, P=0.003), the number of taxa (P=0.000 3, P=0.000 9) and Margalef's Index (P=0.000 4, P=0.001) of macrobenthos were significantly different among stations and seasons. Shannon-Weiner index (P=0.009, P=0.12) and Pielou's evenness index (P=0.03, P=0.14) had significant differences among stations but not among seasons. Cluster analysis suggested that distribution of macrofauna is strongly influenced by seasonality. Among the feeding types, carnivorous were found to be dominant at the upper and mid-estuarine regions, and herbivorous were at lower estuarine regions. Carnivorous species were dominant in both seasons. Omnivores have shown to be the most abundant feeding type in terms of biomass though herbivores were highest during monsoon.
Key words:    macrobenthos|seasonal variation|spatial variation|feeding guilds|biomass|Naf River estuary   
Received: 2018-04-13   Revised: 2018-06-01
Tools
PDF (3503 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Authors
Articles by Md. Abu NOMAN
Articles by MAMUNUR Rashid
Articles by M SHAHANUL Islam
Articles by M. Belal HOSSAIN
References:
Abu Hena M K, Japar Sidik B, Aysha A, Ahasan H, Short F T. 2013. Estuarine macrophytes at Bakkhali, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh with reference to mangrove diversity. Chiang Mai. J. Sci., 40(4):556-563.
Alam M S. 1993. Macrobenthos of Intertidal zone of Halishahar Coast, Chittagong. University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh. 243p.
Al-Yamani, F Y, Skryabin V, Boltachova N, Revkov N K, Makarov M, Grintsov V, Kolesnikova E. 2012. Illustrated Atlas on the Zoobenthos of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat, Kuwait.
Ansari Z A, Ingole B S, Banarjee G, Parulekar A H. 1986.Spatial and temporal changes in benthic macrofauna from Mandovi and Zuari estuaries of Goa, west coast of India.Indian J. Mar. Sci., 15(4):223-227.
Asadujjaman M, Hossain M B, Shamsuddin M, Amin M A, Azam A K M. 2012. Occurrence and abundance of macrobenthos of Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep Islands, Bangladesh. Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 11(2):184-188.
Baird D, Ulanowicz R E. 1993. Comparative study on the trophic structure, cycling and ecosystem properties of four tidal estuaries. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 99:221-237.
Belaluzzaman A M. 1995. Ecology of the Intertidal Macrobenthic Fauna in Cox's Bazar Coastal Area, Bangladesh. University of Chittagong, Bangladesh. 199p.
Bellan G. 2008. Pollution indices. In:Jorgensen S E, Fath B eds. Encyclopedia of Ecology. Elsevier, Amsterdam.p.2 861-2 868, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045405-4.00127-0.
Chardy P, Clavier J. 1988. Biomass and trophic structure of the macrobenthos in the south-west lagoon of New Caledonia.Mar. Biol., 99(2):195-202.
Elliott M, Taylor C J L. 1989. The production ecology of the subtidal benthos of the Forth Estuary, Scotland. Scient.Mar., 53(2-3):531-541.
Fauchald K, Jumars P A. 1979. The diet of worms:a study of polychaete feeding guilds. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann.Rev., 17:193-284.
Gaston G R, Nasci J C. 1988. Trophic structure of macrobenthic communities in the Calcasieu estuary, Louisiana. Estuary, 11(3):201-211.
Gaudêncio M J, Cabral H N. 2007. Trophic structure of macrobenthos in the Tagus estuary and adjacent coastal shelf. Hydrobiologia, 587(1):241-251.
Gogina M, Zettler M L. 2010.Diversity and distribution of benthic macrofauna in the Baltic Sea:data inventory and its use for species distribution modelling and prediction.J. Sea Res., 64(3):313-321.
Harriague A C, Bianchi C N, Albertelli G. 2006. Soft-bottom macrobenthic community composition and biomass in a Posidonia oceanica meadow in the Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean). Estuar. Coastal Shelf Sci., 70(1-2):251-258.
Herman P M J, Middelburg J J, van de Koppel J, Heip C H R. 1999. Ecology of estuarine macrobenthos. Adv. Ecol.Res., 29:195-240.
Hossain M B, Amin S M N, Asadujjaman M, Rahman S. 2013.Analyses of macrobenthos of Hatiya and Nijhum Dweep Islands at higher taxonomic resolution. J. Fish. Aquat.Sci., 8(4):526-534.
Hossain M B, Das N G, Sharmeen R. 2009. Seasonal and spatial distribution of macrozoobenthos of the Meghna River estuarine bed. Int. J. Sustain. Agric. Tech., 5(3):11-16.
Hossain M B. 2009. Polychaete faunal diversity of the Meghna River estuarine bed. Bangladesh J. Prog. Sci. Tech., 7(2):275-278.
Hossain M B. 2011. Macrobenthos Community Structure of a Tropical Estuary. LAP Publishing Company, Germany. 84p.
Hutchings P A. 1997. The Terebellidae (Polychaeta) of Northern Australia with a key to all the described species of the region. In:Hanley J R, Caswell G, Megirian D, Larson H K eds. Proceedings of the Sixth International Biological Workshop. The Marine Flora and Fauna of Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory and the Australian Marine Sciences Association, Darwin. p.133-161.
Islam M S, Sikde M N A, Al-Imran M, Hossain M B, Mallick D, Morshed M M. 2013. Intertidal macrobenthic fauna of the Karnafuli estuary:relations with environmental variables. World Appl. Sci. J., 21(9):1 366-1 373.
Jones C G, Lawton J H, Shachak M. 1994. Organisms as ecosystem engineers. Oikos, 69(3):373-386.
Khan A N, Kamal D, Mahmud M M, Rahman M A, Hossain M A. 2007. Diversity, distribution and abundance of benthos in Mouri River, Khulna, Bangladesh. Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod., 2(5):19-23.
Khan A, Manokaran S, Lyla S. 2017. Changes in macrobenthic community structure from estuary to continental slope in the south-east coast of India. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK, 97(1):161-180.
Kumar P S, Khan A B. 2013. The distribution and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrate fauna in Pondicherry mangroves, India. Aquat. Biosyst., 9:15.
Mandal S, Harkantra S N. 2013. Changes in the soft-bottom macrobenthic diversity and community structure from the ports of Mumbai, India. Environ. Monit. Assess., 185(1):653-672.
McLusky D S, Elliot D. 2006. The Estuarine Ecosystem:Ecology, Threats and Management. 3rd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 214p.
Molla M H R, Al-Imran M, Aktaruzzaman M, Mandol S, Sarkar M S I, Islam M S. 2015. Spatio-temporal variations of macrobenthic annelid community of the Karnafuli River Estuary, Chittagong, Bangladesh. Int. J. Mar. Sci., 5(26):1-10, https://doi.org/10.5376/ijms.2015.05.0026.
Muniz P, Pires A M S. 1999. Trophic structure of polychaetes in the São Sebastião Channel (southeastern Brazil). Mar.Biol., 134(3):517-528.
Nandan S B, Azis A P K. 1996. Water quality and benthic faunal diversity of a polluted estuary, southwest coast of India. Indian J. Env. Prot., 16:12-22.
Pearson T H. 1970. The benthic ecology of Loch Linnhe and Loch Eil, a Sea-Loch system on the west coast of Scotland.I. The physical environment and distribution of the macrobenthic fauna. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 5(1):1-34.
Pramanik M A H. 1988. Methodologies and techniques of studying coastal systems:Case Studies Ⅱ. Space and Remote Sensing Organization (SPARSO). Presented at the National Development and Management. Coastal Area Resource Development and Management Association (CARDMA), Bangladesh. p.122-138.
Pravinkumar M, Murugesan P, Prakash K R, Elumalai V, Viswanathan C, Raffi S M. 2013. Benthic biodiversity in the Pichavaram mangroves, Southeast Coast of India. J.Oceanogr. Mar. Sci., 4(1):1-11.
Sarker J M, Patwary S A M, Uddin A M M B, Hasan M M, Tanmay M H, Kanungo I, Parvej M R. 2016. Macrobenthic community structure-an approach to assess coastal water pollution in Bangladesh. Fish. Aquac. J., 7:157, https://doi.org/10.4172/2150-3508.1000157.
Sharif A S M, Islam S, Islam M. 2017. Occurrence and distribution of macrobenthos in relation to physicochemical parameters in the lower Meghna River estuary, Bangladesh. Int. J. Mar. Sci., 7(12):102-113, https://doi.org/10.5376/ijms.2017.07.0012.
Shou L, Huang Y J, Zeng J N, Gao A G, Liao Y B, Chen Q Z. 2009. Seasonal changes of macrobenthos distribution and diversity in Zhoushan sea area. Aquat. Ecosyst. Health Manage., 12(1):110-115.
Vasanth Kumar B, Roopa S V, Gangadhar B K. 2013.Distribution and abundance of macrobenthos in mangroves ecosystem of Kali Estuary, Karwar, Karnataka.Int. J. Life Sci., 1(4):313-316.
Xu Y, Li X Z, Wang H F, Zhang B L. 2016. Seasonal and spatial variations of macrobenthic community structure and diversity in the South Yellow Sea. Aquat. Ecosyst.Health Manage., 19(1):92-100.
Ysebaert T, Meire P, Maes D, Buijs J. 1993. The benthic macrofauna along the estuarine gradient of the Schelde estuary. Netherl. J. Aquat. Ecol., 27(2-4):327-341.