Cite this paper:
TAO Zhencheng, WANG Yanqing, WANG Junjian, LIU Mengtan, ZHANG Wuchang. Photobehaviors of the calanoid copepod Calanus sinicus from the Yellow Sea to visible and UV-B radiation as a function of wavelength and intensity[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(4): 1289-1300

Photobehaviors of the calanoid copepod Calanus sinicus from the Yellow Sea to visible and UV-B radiation as a function of wavelength and intensity

TAO Zhencheng1,2,5, WANG Yanqing5,6, WANG Junjian1,3, LIU Mengtan1,4,5, ZHANG Wuchang1,2,5
1 Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266071, China;
3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
4 Jiaozhou Bay Marine Ecosystem Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
5 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
6 Department of Engineering and Technology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
The effects of wavelength-specific visible light, white light, and ultraviolet-B (UV-B, 280- 315 nm) on selected behaviors, grazing rate, spawning rate, and hatching rate of the marine copepod Calanus sinicus collected from the Yellow Sea were studied. Calanus sinicus placed in a partitioned experimental system responded positively phototaxis to blue-cyan and yellow light but negatively to orange light and UVB. No obvious dodge activity was found among C. sinicus irradiated with <0.005 mW/cm2 UV-B. Under 0.20, 0.30 and 0.50 mW/cm2 UV-B radiation, the lethal half times of individuals were 30.47, 2.86, and 1.96 h, respectively. Grazing of C. sinicus was restrained at >0.10 mW/cm2 UV-B, whereas yellow-red light stimulated grazing. Egg production rate was highest at a white-light intensity of 1.58 mW/cm2, with an average rate of 10.04 eggs/(female·d). These results are consistent with the observed phenomenon that C. sinicus in the Yellow Sea mostly spawn near dawn. Our results indicate that light intensity and spectrum are important factors affecting the diel vertical migration of C. sinicus under natural conditions in the Yellow Sea.
Key words:    Calanus sinicus|light|phototaxis|grazing|reproduction|ultraviolet   
Received: 2018-05-25   Revised: 2018-07-26
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