Cite this paper:
JIANG Bo, WEI Yongliang, DING Jie, ZHANG Rong, LIU Yuxin, WANG Xiaoyong, FANG Yizhou. Trends of sea surface wind energy over the South China Sea[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(5): 1510-1522

Trends of sea surface wind energy over the South China Sea

JIANG Bo1, WEI Yongliang2,3, DING Jie1, ZHANG Rong1, LIU Yuxin1, WANG Xiaoyong1, FANG Yizhou1
1 National Ocean Technology Center, Tianjin 300112, China;
2 College of Marine Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;
3 Shanghai Engineering Research Center on Estuarine and Oceanographic Mapping, Shanghai 201306, China
Abstract:
Studies on climate change typically consider temperature and precipitation over extended periods but less so the wind. We used the Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform (CCMP) 24-year wind field data set to investigate the trends of wind energy over the South China Sea during 1988-2011. The results reveal a clear trend of increase in wind power density for each of three base statistics (i.e., mean, 90th percentile and 99th percentile) in all seasons and for annual means. The trends of wind power density showed obvious temporal and spatial variations. The magnitude of the trends was greatest in winter, intermediate in spring, and smallest in summer and autumn. A greater trend of increase was found in the northern areas of the South China Sea than in southern parts. The magnitude of the annual and seasonal trends over the South China Sea was larger in extreme high events (i.e., 90th and 99th percentiles) compared to the mean conditions. Sea surface temperature showed a negative correlation with the variability of wind power density over the majority of the South China Sea in all seasons and annual means, except for winter (41.7%).
Key words:    wind energy|Cross-Calibrated Multi-Platform (CCMP) wind field|South China Sea|temporal and spatial variation   
Received: 2018-10-29   Revised: 2019-01-07
Tools
PDF (7740 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Authors
Articles by JIANG Bo
Articles by WEI Yongliang
Articles by DING Jie
Articles by ZHANG Rong
Articles by LIU Yuxin
Articles by WANG Xiaoyong
Articles by FANG Yizhou
References:
Atlas R, Hoffman R N, Ardizzone J, Leidner S M, Jusem J C, Smith D K, Gombos D. 2011. A cross-calibrated, multiplatform ocean surface wind velocity product for meteorological and oceanographic applications. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92(2):157-174.
Azorin-Molina C, Menendez M, McVicar T R, Acevedo A, Vicente-Serrano S M, Cuevas E, Minola L, Chen D L. 2018. Wind speed variability over the Canary Islands, 1948-2014:focusing on trend differences at the landocean interface and below-above the trade-wind inversion layer. Climate Dynamics, 50(11-12):4 061-4 081.
Cheng S. 2010. Temporal and Spatial Variety Characteristics of Wind Speed and Wind Energy in China Over the Past Half Century. Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing. p.1-65. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Hong X Y, Fu Y F, Xian T, Wang Y, Yang Y J, Heng Z W. 2014.Relationships between sea surface wind speed and the diurnal variation of sea surface temperature over the tropical ocean. Climatic and Environmental Research, 19(4):437-451. (in Chinese with English abstract)
International Pacific Research Center.January 16, 2018. Crosscalibrated multi-platform (CCMP) ocean surface wind components. http://apdrc.soest.hawaii.edu/datadoc/ccmp_6hourly.php.
Jiang B, Hou P P, Zhang S, Wu H, Ding J. 2016. Uncertainty of the offshore wind energy resource assessment due to longterm variability. In:Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Development. Atlantis Press, Xi'an. p.298-303.
Kuang F F, Zhang Y Q, Zhang J P, Jia C. 2015. Comparison and evaluation of three sea surface wind products in Taiwan Strait. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 37(5):44-53.(in Chinese with English abstract)
Li Y, Tang J P, Wang Y, Chu H Y. 2011. Prediction of climate change of the near-surface wind energy potential over China. Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica, 32(3):338-345. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Li Y, Wang Y, Tang J P. 2007. Temporal and spatial variety characteristics in Near-surface wind energy in China.Journal of Nanjing University (Natural Sciences), 43(3):280-291. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Lin G, Zheng C W, Shao L T, Li Q H, Liu T N. 2013. Long term linear trend of sea surface wind speed in the South China Sea. Journal of PLA University of Science and Technology (Natural Science Edition), 14(6):704-708. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Liu T J, Zheng C W, Li X Q, Zhang W J. 2013. Long term trend of sea surface wind speed in the Northern Indian Ocean from 1958 to 2001. Marine Forecasts, 30(4):34-39. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Liu Y J, Yan J Y, Song Y L. 2008. Features of climate change over the Xishan Island over the South China Sea in recent 50 years. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 28(6):804-808.(in Chinese with English abstract)
Mei Y, Song S, Zhou L. 2010. Annual variation characteristics of wave fields and wind fields over the North Indian Ocean and South China Sea. Marine Forecasts, 27(5):27-33. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Ren G Y, Guo J, Xu M Z, Chu Z Y, Zhang L, Zou X K, Li Q X, Liu X N. 2005. Climate changes of China's mainland over the past half century. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 63(6):942-956. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Sun L, Yu H M, Wang P, Chang X J, Wang S L. 2010. Analysis of the seasonal and interannual variability of sea surface wind in the East China Seas and its adjacent ocean. Marine Forecasts, 27(2):30-37. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Sun Z Q, Xiang J, Guan Y P. 2016. Wind energy in the offshore areas of China based on ERA-interim reanalysis data.Marine Forecasts, 33(3):50-56. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wang H, Sui W H. 2013. Seasonal variation analysis of sea surface winds in China Sea areas with CCMP wind field data. Meteorological Science and Technology, 41(4):720-725. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wang Z Y, Ding Y H, He J H, Yu J. 2004. An updating analysis of the climate change in China in recent 50 years. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 62(2):228-236. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Ward M N, Hoskins B J. 1996. Near-surface wind over the global ocean 1949-1988. Journal of Climate, 9(8):1 877-1 895.
Young I R, Zieger S, Babanin A V. 2011.Global trends in wind speed and wave height. Science, 332(6028):451-455.
Zheng C W, Pan J. 2014. Assessment of the global ocean wind energy resource. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 33:382-391.
Zheng C W, Zhou L, Huang C F, Shi Y L, Li J X, Li J. 2013.The long-term trend of the sea surface wind speed and the wave height (wind wave, swell, mixed wave) in global ocean during the last 44a. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 32(10):1-4.
Zheng C W. 2011. Sea surface wind field analysis in the China Sea during the last 22 years with CCMP wind field.Meteorology and Disaster Reduction Research, 34(3):41-46. (in Chinese with English abstract)