Cite this paper:
WU Zaixing, YU Zhiming, SONG Xiuxian, CAO Xihua, YUAN Yongquan. Application and comparison of two symptom-based eutrophication-assessment methods in Jiaozhou Bay, China[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(5): 1582-1594

Application and comparison of two symptom-based eutrophication-assessment methods in Jiaozhou Bay, China

WU Zaixing1,2,3, YU Zhiming1,2,3,4, SONG Xiuxian1,2,3,4, CAO Xihua1,2,3, YUAN Yongquan1,2,3
1 Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China;
3 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
4 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Increasing numbers of approaches to assess eutrophication, such as estuarine trophic status, the Oslo-Paris Commission Common Procedure, and the Water Framework Directive, focus on the symptoms of eutrophication. In China, however, nutrient index methods dominate the assessment of coastal waters. In this study, an integrated method that includes both water quality and ecological response was compared with the Northwest Pacific Action Plan (NOWPAP) Common Procedure. Observation data from Jiaozhou Bay, Shandong, China, were used in a comparison of the two methods in a trophic status study. Overall, both clearly revealed a high level of nutrient enrichment in the bay, indicated by high nutrient concentrations. Though the two methods differed in their methodological design in the assessment of the ecological effects of nutrient enrichment, they have acquired similar results:the integrated method suggested that the status was good, and the NOWPAP Common Procedure suggested that the status was low (indicating that the bay had no serious eutrophication problem). The introduction of filter feeders (shellfish aquaculture) into the bay on a reasonable scale may have been effective in mitigating eutrophic conditions, and perhaps explains the low ecological impacts there. Our results will be useful to ecosystem-based eutrophication management in the bay and in similar areas.
Key words:    eutrophication assessment|integrated methodology|Northwest Pacific Action Plan (NOWPAP) Common Procedure|Jiaozhou Bay   
Received: 2018-06-20   Revised: 2018-10-08
PDF (552 KB) Free
Print this page
Add to favorites
Email this article to others
Articles by WU Zaixing
Articles by YU Zhiming
Articles by SONG Xiuxian
Articles by CAO Xihua
Articles by YUAN Yongquan
Anderson D M, Hoagland P, Kaoru Y, White A W. 2000.Estimated Annual Economic Impacts from Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in the United States. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Technical Report, WHOI-2000-11.
Bi L L, Bai J, Zhao Z S, Li Y G, Yuan Z W. 2007. Characteristics of suspended particles in summer in Jiaozhou Bay. Mar.Environ. Sci., 26(6):518-522. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Boynton W R, Kemp W M, Keefe C W. 1982. A comparative analysis of nutrients and other factors influencing estuarine phytoplankton production. In:Kennedy V S ed.Estuarine Comparisons. Academic Press, New York.p.69-90.
Bricker S B, Ferreira J G, Simas T. 2003. An integrated methodology for assessment of estuarine trophic status.Ecol. Model., 169(1):39-60.
Burkholder J M, Noga E J, Hobbs C H, Glasgow Jr H B. 1992.New ‘phantom’ dinoflagellate is the causative agent of major estuarine fish kills. Nature, 358(6385):407-410.
Chen Y W. 1987. Analysis of trophic status in Xiamen coastal seas. Mar Environ Sci., 6(3):14-19.
Cloern J E. 2001. Our evolving conceptual model of the coastal eutrophication problem. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 210:223-253.
Council of European Communities (CEC). 2000. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy. Off. J. Eur.Commun., L327:1-73.
Devlin M, Bricker S, Painting S. 2011. Comparison of five methods for assessing impacts of nutrient enrichment using estuarine case studies. Biogeochemistry, 106(2):177-205.
Downing J A, McCauley E. 1992. The nitrogen:phosphorus relationship in lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr., 37(5):936-945.
Fan C L, Glibert P M, Burkholder J M. 2003. Characterization of the affinity for nitrogen, uptake kinetics, and environmental relationships for Prorocentrum minimum in natural blooms and laboratory cultures. Harmful Algae, 2(4):283-299.
Ferreira J G, Hawkins A J S, Bricker S B. 2007. Management of productivity, environmental effects and profitability of shellfish aquaculture-the Farm Aquaculture Resource Management (FARM) model. Aquaculture, 264(1-4):160-174.
Hallegraeff G M. 1993. A review of harmful algal blooms and their apparent global increase. Phycologia, 32(2):79-99.
Han L J. 2013. Nutrient Characteristics and Source Apportionment in Atmospheric Deposition of the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. Ocean University of China, Qingdao. 66p. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Han X F, Wang R. 2001. The grazing impact and regulation effects of zooplankton on phytoplankton bloom. Mari.Sci., 25(10):31-33. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Huang X P, Huang L M, Yue W Z. 2003. The characteristics of nutrients and eutrophication in the Pearl River estuary, South China. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 47 (1-6):30-36.
Kitsiou D, Karydis M. 2011. Coastal marine eutrophication assessment:a review on data analysis. Environ. Int., 37(4):778-801.
Lai J X, Jiang F J, Ke K, Xu M B, Lei F, Chen B. 2014.Nutrients distribution and trophic status assessment in the northern Beibu Gulf, China. Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol., 32(5):1 128-1 144.
Liu Z. 2004. Research on Modelling Water Exchange and Nutrient Budget in Jiaozhou Bay. Ocean University of China, Qingdao. (in Chinese with English abstract)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 1985. National Estuarine Inventory:Data Atlas, volume 1:Physical and Hydrologic Characteristics. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, Rockville, MD. 103p.
Nixon S W. 1995. Coastal marine eutrophication:a definition, social causes, and future concerns. Ophelia, 41(1):199-219.
NOWPAP CEARAC. 2009. Procedures for Assessment of Eutrophication Status Including Evaluation of LandBased Sources of Nutrients for the NOWPAP Region.NOWPAP CEARAC, Toyama, Japan. 13p.
NOWPAP CEARAC. 2011. Integrated Report on Eutrophication Assessment in Selected Sea Areas in the NOWPAP Region:Evaluation of the NOWPAP Common Procedure. NOWPAP CEARAC, Toyama, Japan. 116p.
NSQS. 1997. GB 3097-1997 National Seawater Quality Standard, China.
OSPAR Commission. 2003. OSPAR Integrated Report 2003 on the Eutrophication Status of the OSPAR Maritime Area Based Upon the First Application of the Comprehensive Procedure. OSPAR Commission, London, U.K. 59p.
Qingdao Ocean and Fishery Administration. 1997-2012.Bulletin of Marine Environmental Quality of Qingdao. Qingdao Ocean and Fishery Administration, Qingdao. (in Chinese)
Salmi T, Määttä A, Anttila P, Ruoho-Airola T, Amnell T. 2002.Detecting Trends of Annual Values of Atmospheric Pollutants by the Mann-Kendall Test and Sen's Slope Estimates -The Excel Template Application MAKESENS.Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki. 35p.
Shandong and Qingdao Ocean and Fishery Administration. 1997-2012. Bulletin of Marine Environmental Quality of Shandong. Shandong Ocean and Fishery Administration, Jinan. (in Chinese)
Shastri Y, Diwekar U. 2006. Sustainable ecosystem management using optimal control theory:Part 1(deterministic systems). J. Theor. Biol., 241(3):506-521.
Shen Z L. 2001. Historical changes in nutrient structure and its influences on phytoplantkon composition in Jiaozhou Bay. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., 52 (2):211-224.
Sun S, Sun X X, Zhang G T, Tang H B, Liu Q, Li G M. 2011.Long-term changes in major meteorological and hydrological factors in the Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanol.Limnol. Sin., 42(5):632-638. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Sun S, Sun X X. 2011. Atlas of Long-term Changes in the Jiaozhou Bay Ecosystem. Ocean Press, Beijing. p.60-179.
Tang S M, Lai J. 2003. The relationship between fish farming scales and algal blooms at the Sam Sing Bay in Port Shelter, Hong Kong, China. Acta Oceanol. Sin., 25(S2):202-207. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wang G. 2009. Study on the Pollutant of Point Source and Mariculture Fluxes Flowing into Jiaozhou Bay. Ocean University of China, Qingdao. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wang Y, Zhang Y, Wang Y J, Liu D Y. 2013. Spatial and temporal characteristics of phytoplankton and its relation with the environmental factors in Jiaozhou Bay. J. Saf.Environ., 13(1):163-170. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wu M L, Wang Y S, Wang Y T, Sun F L, Sun C C, Cheng H, Dong J D. 2016. Seasonal and spatial variations of water quality and trophic status in Daya Bay, South China Sea.Mar. Pollut. Bull., 112(1-2):341-348.
Wu Z X, Yu Z M, Song X X, Yuan Y Q, Cao X H, Liang Y B. 2013. Application of an integrated methodology for eutrophication assessment:a case study in the Bohai Sea.Chin. J. Oceanol. Limnol., 31(5):1 064-1 078.
Wu Z X, Yu Z M, Song X X, Yuan Y Q, Cao X H. 2014. A new system of eutrophication assessment for both water quality and ecological response:a case study in typical areas off Shandong Peninsula. Oceanol. Limnol. Sin., 45(1):20-31. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Xia B, Chen B J, Xin F Y, Lin W G, Xie J, Wang G J, Wang H Y. 2011. Application of the grey clustering method to assessing the eutrophication in Jiaozhou Bay. Prog.Fishery Sci., 32(5):114-120. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Xiao Y J, Ferreira J G, Bricker S B, Nunes J P, Zhu M Y, Zhang X L. 2007. Trophic assessment in Chinese coastal systems-review of methods and application to the Changjiang (Yangtze) estuary and Jiaozhou Bay. Estuar.Coast., 30(6):901-918.
Xu M. 2012. Research on water quality and eutrophication of typical bays:a case study of Qinzhou Bay. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing.p.1-78. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Yang D F, Miao Z Q, Xu H Z, Chen Y, Sun J Y. 2013. Jiaozhou Bay water exchange time. Mar. Environ. Sci., 32(3):373-380. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Yao Y, Shen Z L. 2004. Assessment of seawater eutrophication in the Jiaozhou Bay. Mar. Sci., 28(6):14-17, 22. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Yu Z M, Shen Z L, Chen Y Q et al. 2011. Eutrophication in the Changjiang River Estuary and Adjacent Waters. Science Press, Beijing, China. p.1-549. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhang M H. 2000. Distributions and seasonal variations of suspended matter in Jiaozhou Bay seawater. Stud. Mar.Sin., (42):49-54. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhang Q L, Zhang X L, Wang X, Sun P. 2009. Assessment of eutrophication in southeast of Liaodong Bay. Coast. Eng., 28(1):38-43. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhang X Q, Sun Y L. 2007. Research on the control of total pollutants loads into the Jiaozhou Bay. Mar. Environ. Sci., 26(4):347-350, 359. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhao D Z, Zhao L, Zhang F S. 2003. Type of formation, distribution and temporal trend of red tides occurred in the China Sea. Mar. Environ. Sci., 22(3):7-11. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhao Q. 2010. The nutrient seasonal variation characteristics and comparison of several assessment methods of eutrophication in Qingduizi-Bay. Liaoning Normal University, Liaoning. p.1-31. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhou D S. 2008. Study on environment factors affecting outbreaks of red tide in Haizhou Bay coastal waters.Suzhou University, Suzhou. p.1-56. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Zhou Y, Yang H S, Hu H Y, Liu Y, Mao Y Z, Zhou H, Xu X L, Zhang F S. 2006. Bioremediation potential of the macroalga Gracilaria lemaneiformis (Rhodophyta)integrated into fed fish culture in coastal waters of north China. Aquaculture, 252(2-4):264-276.
Zou J Z, Dong L P, Qin B P. 1983. Preliminary study of eutrophication and algal bloom in Bohai Bay. Mar.Environ. Sci., 2(2):41-54. (in Chinese)