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LI Wenjie, CHENG Jiao, HUI Min, SHA Zhongli. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Clibanarius (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(5): 1686-1697

Molecular phylogeny of the genus Clibanarius (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences

LI Wenjie1,4, CHENG Jiao1,2,4, HUI Min1,2,4, SHA Zhongli1,2,3,4
1 Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
3 Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China;
4 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Clibanarius, a genus of hermit crabs, is one of the most diverse genera within Diogenidae. However, studies on the phylogeny withinClibanariusis very limited. We reconstruct the molecular phylogeny of the genus Clibanarius based on two mitochondrial (16S rRNA and COI) and two nuclear protein-coding (NaK and PEPCK) genes using a multigene phylogenetic approach. Eleven selected Clibanarius species from the Indo-West Pacific are analyzed and the Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses produced identical results in topology. Results suggest that C. rutilus and C. infraspinatus are more closely related to each other than to C. snelliusi, and C. striolatus shows a close relationship to C. longitarsus. The close association of C. merguiensis with C. englaucus and C. humilis is strongly supported by the divergence of C. virescens from them. Our phylogenetic results contradict the morphological classification scheme proposed for Clibanarius and indicate that the relative length of dactyls and propodi is not phylogenetically significant in Clibanarius. In addition, we speculate that the morphological characteristic of the median cleft of the telson might be phylogenetically important for Clibanarius.
Key words:    Clibanarius|phylogeny|molecular|evolution   
Received: 2018-11-15   Revised: 2018-12-24
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