Cite this paper:
JIANG Tao, WANG Longhua, ZHANG Fuchong, FANG Xiao, LU Lin, ZHANG Jihong, WANG Wei, QU Keming, CHAI Chao. Selective feeding of bay scallop Argopecten irradians on phytoplankton community revealed by HPLC analysis of phytopigments in Bohai Sea, China[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(5): 1746-1755

Selective feeding of bay scallop Argopecten irradians on phytoplankton community revealed by HPLC analysis of phytopigments in Bohai Sea, China

JIANG Tao1,2, WANG Longhua1,3, ZHANG Fuchong4, FANG Xiao4, LU Lin1, ZHANG Jihong1,2, WANG Wei1,2, QU Keming1, CHAI Chao3
1 Key Laboratory of Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Function Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266200, China;
3 Qingdao Engineering Research Center for Rural Environment, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China;
4 Ocean Fisheries Science Research Institute of Hebei Province, Qinhuangdao 066201, China
Abstract:
Understanding the feeding selectivity on phytoplankton by shellfish is currently a big challenge. In order to investigate the feeding behavior of bay scallop (Argopecten irradians) on phytoplankton, we compared its compositions of phytopigments in digestive glands with those in the surrounding seawater, and conducted five consecutive investigations between July and November 2016 in a bay scallop culture area along coast of Qinghuangdao City, northwest of the Bohai Sea, China. Phytopigments in four-size fractionated phytoplankton of seawater (micro-(20-200 μm); nano(L)-[10-20 μm]; nano(S)-[2.7-10 μm], and pico-[<2.7 μm]) and digestive glands of A. irradians were examined to investigate the selective feeding of A. irradians. Results show that fucoxanthin and peridinin constituted the major part of taxonomically diagnostic carotenoids (TDCs) in the micro-and nano(L)-phytoplankton in seawater. Compared with total phytoplankton biomass of seawater (TPB, sum of the four sizes), a substantial decrease of fucoxanthin proportion to total DCs in digestive glands was observed while that of peridinin, 19'-butanoyloxyfucoxanthin, alloxanthin and 19'-hexanoyloxy-fucoxanthin showed an obvious increase when those pigments were mainly confined to micro-sized phytoplankton (20-200 μm). However, zeaxanthin and prasinoxanthin were mainly confined to nano(s)-and pico-phytoplankton, of which the proportions in digestive glands were usually lower in TPB. The contribution of lutein to total DCs in digestive glands (with an average of 7.23%) increased compared with TPB of seawater (with an average of 0.63%) during all five sampling times.
Key words:    phytoplankton|pigments|selective feeding|Argopecten irradians|aquaculture   
Received: 2018-09-30   Revised: 2018-11-05
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Articles by JIANG Tao
Articles by WANG Longhua
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Articles by LU Lin
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Articles by WANG Wei
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