Cite this paper:
SHI Yongfang, YANG Yongzeng, TENG Yong, SUN Meng, YUN Shengjun. Mechanism of sea ice formation based on comprehensive observation data in Liaodong Bay, China[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2019, 37(6): 1846-1856

Mechanism of sea ice formation based on comprehensive observation data in Liaodong Bay, China

SHI Yongfang1,2,3, YANG Yongzeng1, TENG Yong1, SUN Meng1, YUN Shengjun1
1 First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China;
2 Laboratory for Regional Oceanography and Numerical Modeling, National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266071, China;
3 Key Laboratory of Marine Science and Numerical Modeling, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China
Sea ice disaster is one of the principal natural hazards that affect some coastal areas of China, and the formation of ice cover in a wave field has important characteristics. However, analysis of the mechanism in which waves affect the thermodynamic process of sea ice is lacking, and the influence of waves is not taken into consideration in numerical models of sea ice, largely because of a lack of simultaneous observations of waves and sea ice. Using observational data of the sea ice cycle in the coastal waters of Liaodong Bay (China), we analyzed the characteristics of hydrology, meteorology, and sea ice thickness during the formation of sea ice, and explored the changes in the interrelationships among heat fluxes, waves, and sea ice under actual sea conditions. The results could provide a decision-making support as a reference to the establishment and improvement of China's early warning system to sea ice disasters, and the protection of ice drilling operations and production platform safety.
Key words:    wave|sea ice|wave-induced turbulence kinetic energy   
Received: 2018-09-29   Revised: 2019-06-06
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