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YU Zhenglin, YANG Meijie, SONG Hao, HU Zhi, ZHOU Cong, WANG Xiaolong, LI Haizhou, ZHANG Tao. Settlement and metamorphosis of Rapana venosa (Gastropoda: Muricidae) with implications for artificial culture[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2020, 38(1): 249-259

Settlement and metamorphosis of Rapana venosa (Gastropoda: Muricidae) with implications for artificial culture

YU Zhenglin1,2,3,4, YANG Meijie1,2,3,4, SONG Hao1,2,4, HU Zhi1,2,3,4, ZHOU Cong1,2,3,4, WANG Xiaolong1,2,4, LI Haizhou5, ZHANG Tao1,2,4
1 Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China;
3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
4 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
5 Shandong Fu Han Ocean Sci-Tech Co. Ltd., Haiyang 265114, China
The rapa whelk Rapana venosa transforms from a phytophagous larva to a carnivorous juvenile after settlement and metamorphosis. The high mortality rate and low metamorphosis rate (<1%) of larvae are among the key factors limiting the recovery of the resources of R. venosa. We studied these two processes and showed that the larva has the ability to settle and metamorphose in the middle and late 4 spiral whorl period, and the use of substrates (scallop shells with oysters) can significantly improve the settlement and metamorphosis rate of larvae. The presence of darkness, juvenile bivalve shellfish, and oyster polysaccharide could effectively increase the rates of larval settlement and metamorphosis. Our findings broaden the understanding of settlement and metamorphosis in gastropods and can be used to improve population control, resource recovery and commercial breeding strategies for R. venosa.
Key words:    larval development|substrate|oyster polysaccharide|commercial breeding   
Received: 2019-04-15   Revised:
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Articles by YU Zhenglin
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