Cite this paper:
MA Qian, YUAN Chunxin, LIN Xiaopei, CHEN Xue'en. The investigation of internal solitary waves over a continental shelf-slope[J]. HaiyangYuHuZhao, 2020, 38(3): 695-706

The investigation of internal solitary waves over a continental shelf-slope

MA Qian1, YUAN Chunxin2, LIN Xiaopei1, CHEN Xue'en1
1 Physical Oceanography Laboratory/Institute for Advanced Ocean Study, Ocean University of China and Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266100, China;
2 School of Mathematical Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
Internal solitary waves (ISWs) always happen in marginal seas, where stable stratification exists. ISWs may carry large energy when they propagate and affect marine engineering constructions such as marine drilling platforms. Previous studies, including a large number of mooring observations and laboratory experiments, show the speed of ISWs will change when they pass by shelf slopes. Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) theory explain this phenomenon. In the paper, we use a laboratory experiment and a numerical model experiment to verify this theory. In the laboratory experiment, we injected two layers of water of different densities in a tank to simulate marine stratification and make ISWs. We use a CCD camera to record the whole process. The camera can take 16 photos per second. In the numerical experiment, we input the same original conditions as the laboratory one. The results of 18 different original conditions show the dimensionless factor δ plays a key role in deciding the amplitudes and shapes of ISWs. The main conclusion also contains that small-amplitude waves match well with KdV theory while mKdV is better for largeamplitude waves. Whether the laboratory experiment or numerical experiment shows results with a high agreement. In future studies, we may use a numerical model with higher resolution to get analysis about phase speed and energy of ISWs.
Key words:    internal solitary waves|shelf-slope|laboratory experiment|numerical modeling   
Received: 2019-05-18   Revised: 2019-07-19
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Articles by YUAN Chunxin
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