Cite this paper:
HU Dunxin, WANG Fan, SPRINTALL Janet, WU Lixin, RISER Stephen, CRAVATTE Sophie, GORDON Arnold, ZHANG Linlin, CHEN Dake, ZHOU Hui, ANDO Kentaro, WANG Jianing, LEE Jae-Hak, HU Shijian, WANG Jing, ZHANG Dongxiao, FENG Junqiao, LIU Lingling, VILLANOY Cesar, KALUWIN Chalapan, QU Tangdong, MA Yixin. Review on observational studies of western tropical Pacific Ocean circulation and climate[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2020, 38(4): 906-929

Review on observational studies of western tropical Pacific Ocean circulation and climate

HU Dunxin1,2,3, WANG Fan1,2,3, SPRINTALL Janet4, WU Lixin3,5, RISER Stephen6, CRAVATTE Sophie7, GORDON Arnold8, ZHANG Linlin1,2,3, CHEN Dake9, ZHOU Hui1,2,3, ANDO Kentaro10, WANG Jianing1,2,3, LEE Jae-Hak11, HU Shijian1,2,3, WANG Jing1,2,3, ZHANG Dongxiao12, FENG Junqiao1,2,3, LIU Lingling1,2,3, VILLANOY Cesar13, KALUWIN Chalapan14, QU Tangdong15, MA Yixin1,2,3
1 Key Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Waves, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
3 Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China;
4 Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA;
5 Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China;
6 School of Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195-7940, USA;
7 LEGOS, Université de Toulouse, IRD, CNES, CNRS, UPS, Toulouse 31520, France;
8 Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York 10027, USA;
9 State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), Hangzhou 310012, China;
10 Research and Development Center for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka 237-0061, Japan;
11 Ocean Circulation and Climate Research, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Busan 49111, Korea;
12 Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA;
13 Marine Science Institute, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines;
14 School of Natural and Physical Sciences, University of Papua New Guinea, Portmoresby 134, Papua New Guinea;
15 Joint Institute for Regional Earth System Sciences and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles CA 90095, USA
The Western Tropical Pacific (WTP) Ocean holds the largest area of warm water (>28℃) in the world ocean referred to as the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP), which modulates the regional and global climate through strong atmospheric convection and its variability. The WTP is unique in terms of its complex 3-D ocean circulation system and intensive multiscale variability, making it crucial in the water and energy cycle of the global ocean. Great advances have been made in understanding the complexity of the WTP ocean circulation and associated climate impact by the international scientific community since the 1960s through field experiments. In this study, we review the evolving insight to the 3-D structure and multi-scale variability of the ocean circulation in the WTP and their climatic impacts based on in-situ ocean observations in the past decades, with emphasis on the achievements since 2000. The challenges and open questions remaining are reviewed as well as future plan for international study of the WTP ocean circulation and climate.
Key words:    Western Tropical Pacific (WTP)    ocean circulation    climate    observation   
Received: 2020-06-23   Revised: 2020-06-29
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Articles by HU Dunxin
Articles by WANG Fan
Articles by SPRINTALL Janet
Articles by WU Lixin
Articles by RISER Stephen
Articles by CRAVATTE Sophie
Articles by GORDON Arnold
Articles by ZHANG Linlin
Articles by CHEN Dake
Articles by ZHOU Hui
Articles by ANDO Kentaro
Articles by WANG Jianing
Articles by LEE Jae-Hak
Articles by HU Shijian
Articles by WANG Jing
Articles by ZHANG Dongxiao
Articles by FENG Junqiao
Articles by LIU Lingling
Articles by VILLANOY Cesar
Articles by KALUWIN Chalapan
Articles by QU Tangdong
Articles by MA Yixin
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