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ZHANG Zhishun, JIANG Fuqing, LI Tiegang, YANG Dezhou, ZHOU Xiaojing, XIONG Zhifang, QIU Xiaohua, JIA Qi, YAN Yu, FENG Xuguang. Sea-level changes controlled detrital sediment inputs to the Bicol Shelf in the western Philippine Sea since 150 ka[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2020, 38(4): 1153-1168

Sea-level changes controlled detrital sediment inputs to the Bicol Shelf in the western Philippine Sea since 150 ka

ZHANG Zhishun1,2,3, JIANG Fuqing1,2,4, LI Tiegang4,5, YANG Dezhou4,6, ZHOU Xiaojing7, XIONG Zhifang4,5, QIU Xiaohua8, JIA Qi5, YAN Yu1,2,3, FENG Xuguang9
1 Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
2 Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;
3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
4 Laboratory for Marine Geology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China;
5 Key Laboratory of Marine Sedimentology and Environmental Geology, First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China;
6 Key Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Waves, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Science, Qingdao 266071, China;
7 School of Marine Science and Environment, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China;
8 No. 1 Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources of Shandong Province, Jinan 250014, China;
9 School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
Detrital sediments derived from the Philippine Islands are one of the main sources of deep-sea sediments in the western Philippine Sea. However, systematic research on their characteristics and transport mechanisms are lacking. We used parametric end-member analysis to quantitatively partition the grain size of detrital sediments in core MD06-3052 from the Bicol Shelf in the western Philippine Sea; three endmembers EM1, EM2, and EM3, whose respective modes were at 2, 10, and 45 μm, were separated. We also measured the Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of different size fractions (<4 and >20 μm) of the detrital sediments and the results showed that the detrital sediments mainly originate from the Philippine Islands. Components EM1 and EM2 are transported to the Bicol Shelf mainly by surface and bottom currents from the islands, and component EM3 is delivered by gravity flow from the exposed shelf during low sea-level stands. The content of the total detrital fraction and the three end-members, as well as the mass accumulation rates (MARs) of the coarse detritus (EM2 and EM3), were considerably higher during glacial periods (40-14 ka and 150-130 ka) than during other intervals; the glacials corresponded to a low sea level, while the MAR of the fine detritus (EM1) did not increase remarkably during 40-14 ka. We therefore concluded that the input of coarse detritus to the Bicol Shelf from the islands was mainly controlled by sea-level change. Variations of the input of fine-grained detritus (EM1) was influenced not only by sea level but also by ocean currents and regional precipitation. Overall, our results help understand "source-to-sink" processes in the western Pacific marginal seas and their response to global change.
Key words:    Bicol Shelf|late Pleistocene|grain size|sea level change   
Received: 2020-01-19   Revised: 2020-03-12
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