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HU Yuyi, SHAO Weizeng, SHI Jian, SUN Jian, JI Qiyan, CAI Lina. Analysis of the typhoon wave distribution simulated in WAVEWATCH-III model in the context of Kuroshio and wind-induced current[J]. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2020, 38(6): 1692-1710

Analysis of the typhoon wave distribution simulated in WAVEWATCH-III model in the context of Kuroshio and wind-induced current

HU Yuyi1, SHAO Weizeng1, SHI Jian2, SUN Jian3, JI Qiyan1, CAI Lina1
1 Marine Science and Technology College, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, China;
2 College of Meteorology and Oceanography, National University of Defense Technology, Nanjing 210007, China;
3 Physical Oceanography Laboratory, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
To investigate the relationship between surface currents and wave distributions in typhoons, we took the Typhoon Talim in 2017 as a case, and found that the track of the typhoon winds up to 50 m/s was almost consistent with the Kuroshio track, particularly from September 13 to 16, 2017. The surface current data, derived from the NCEP Climate Forecast System Version 2 (CFSv2) from the National Center of Atmospheric Research (NCAR), revealed that the speed of the wind-induced current exceeded that of the Kuroshio in the region with the maximum wind speed. In this study, was utilized a third-generation numeric wave model, WAVEWATCH-III (the latest version 5.16), developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), to simulate the wave fields of Typhoon Talim using the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) reanalysis wind data in 0.125°×0.125° grid as the forcing field. We found that the root-mean-square error (RMSE) of the significant wave height (SWH) was 0.34 m when validated against measurements from altimeter Jason-2. In addition, we discovered that the SWH had a similar tendency to the change in the surface current speed that was approximately 0.5 m/s at the beginning of Typhoon Talim. However, the relationship became weak as the surface current speed was below 0.2 m/s. Our findings show that the distribution of typhoon waves is resulted from the interaction of surface current and the wind-sea portion of the wave system, since the distribution pattern of wind-sea is consistent with the surface current, and there is a weak relationship between surface current and swell.
Key words:    current|typhoon wave|WAVEWATCH-III model   
Received: 2019-05-16   Revised: 2019-08-14
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